What's the Cost of Teacher Turnover?

High teacher turnover—or churn—undermines student achievement and consumes valuable staff time and resources. It also contributes to teacher shortages throughout the country, as roughly 6 of 10 new teachers hired each year are replacing colleagues who left the classroom before retirement. Research shows that urban districts can, on average, spend more than $20,000 on each new hire, including school and district expenses related to separation, recruitment, hiring, and training. These investments don’t pay their full dividend when teachers leave within 1 or 2 years after being hired. Turnover rates vary by school and district, with those in rural and urban settings or that serve high percentages of student in poverty experiencing the highest rates. Use this tool to estimate the cost of teacher turnover in your school or district and to inform a local conversation about how to attract, support, and retain a high-quality teacher workforce. High-leverage strategies are highlighted below.


The Latest News From Around the Country

McPherson College Announces Program Addressing Teacher Shortage, McPherson College News (Kansas), October 11, 2018

Foreign teachers pay dearly to fill empty jobs in New Mexico, NMPolitics.net, October 11, 2018

Let’s get the word out: Teaching is a noble profession, Rochester Democrat and Chronical (New York) October 11, 2018

District 118 eyes substitute pay increase, Commercial-News (Illinois), October 11, 2018

SMJUHSD teachers question timing of recruiting banner amid contract talks, KEYT (California), October 11, 2018

Unit 5 superintendent warns of teacher shortage, The Pantagraph (Illinois), October 11, 2018

Mississippi’s teacher shortage leads to accreditation trouble for some districts, Clarion Ledger, October 10, 2018

Butte School District No. 1 struggles to find substitute teachers, human resources director says, Montana Standard, October 10, 2018

Benton Harbor struggles with teacher shortage and pay scale issues, WSBT (Michigan), October 10, 2018

Kansas Teacher Shortage Continues, Kansas Public Radio, October 9, 2018

Emerson parent upset students still without full-time teacher, KBAK (California), October 9, 2018

Higher ed feels impact of fewer teaching students, The Journal (West Virginia), October 9, 2018

S.C. Education Stakeholders To Participate In Field Study Of Public Education In Finland, Greenfield Business Magazine, October 9, 2018

Opposition to Amendment 73’s education tax is wishful thinking, Burlington Record (Colorado), October 9, 2018

Teacher shortage predicted to worsen, Register-Herald (West Virginia), October 7, 2018

Las Cruces Public Schools HR chief addresses teacher shortage, Las Cruces Sun News (New Mexico), October 7, 2018

Rural districts seek federal help with teacher shortages, Daily Journal (Mississippi), October 7, 2018

Richmond Teacher Residency receives nearly $5M grant to expand, provide STEM training, Augusta Free Press (Virginia), October 7, 2018

More Tucson schools earn high marks in latest statewide assessment, Arizona Daily Star, October 6, 2018

Manar: Decatur could be test case on solutions to teacher shortage, Herald & Review (Illinois), October 6, 2018

Many states facing school pay challenges, Daily Oklahoman, October 5, 2018

Hundreds of teacher vacancies in Tampa Bay area’s largest school district, WFTS (Florida), October 5, 2018

Few teachers available to fill demand for computer science in high schools, Twin Falls Times-News (Idaho), October 5, 2018

Online teachers help students, staff at Refugio High School, KIII (Texas), October 4, 2018

Northeast Dubois County schools dealing with substitute teacher shortage, WFIE (Indiana), October 4, 2018

Legislation addresses teacher shortages, Marshall Independent (Virginia), October 4, 2018

NY facing teacher shortage, New10 ABC, October 4, 2018

Tulsa Public Schools faces substitute shortage as many make the shift to full-time teaching, KJRH (Oklahoma), October 4, 2018

Minneapolis school board candidates discuss equity, finances and safety with voters, Star-Tribune (Minnesota), October 3, 2018

Schools grapple with substitute teacher shortage, The Herald (Indiana), October 3, 2018

Public school teachers rallied to protest lack of funds, teacher shortage and low pay, KITV (Hawaii), October 2, 2018

Superintendent discusses teacher shortage, planning for bond issue at Board of Education meeting, Sand Springs Leader (Oklahoma), October 2, 2018

News 4 Schools: Lindenwood students solving substitute teacher shortage, KMOV (Missouri), October 2, 2018

Amidst teacher shortage new funds help districts train more bilingual teachers, EdSource (California), October 2, 2018

EdX Keeps Local Teachers in Columbia, KBIA (Missouri), October 2, 2018

Florida must do better by its teachers, Citrus County Chronicle, October 1, 2018

Regional Grant Funding Provides Opportunities for WIU Education Students, Western Illinois University News, October 1, 2018

Lafayette Parish Association of Educators rejects rumors of a walkout, KLFY (Louisiana), October 1, 2018

Education Foundation of Odessa streamlines scholarship, Midland Reporter-Telegram (Texas), October 1, 2018

CCSD begins school year with only two vacancies, Moultrie News (South Carolina), October 1, 2018

To Build More Diverse Teacher Pool, Milwaukee Programs Tap Teaching Assistants, WUWM (Wisconsin), October 1, 2018

Renaissance Village: Construction slated for 2019 on vital project, Bluefield Daily Telegraph (West Virginia), October 1, 2018

New VCSC leader focused on strategic planning, Tribune Star (Indiana), September 30, 2018

Oklahoma emergency teacher certificates surpass 2,500, Norman Transcript, September 29, 2018

‘More openings than applicants:’ Okla. schools still struggling to recruit teachers, KOCO, September 28, 2018

Popular housing program returns to Tucson, KOLD (Arizona), September 28, 2018

Fresno State’s “Make a Difference” teach conference addresses teacher shortage in California, KFSN, September 28, 2018

Oregon’s teacher shortage is getting worse, The World, September 28, 2018

Augusta University develops new program to address teacher shortage, WJBF (Georgia), September 28, 2018

California’s persistent teacher shortage fueled by attrition, high demand, say newly released studies, EdSource, September 27, 2018

Ansel Fambrough running to address teacher shortage, Index-Journal (South Carolina), September 27, 2018

State Board Committed to Addressing Magic Valley’s Teacher Shortage, IdahoEdNews.com, September 27, 2018

State of emergency: Without underqualified teachers, thousands of classroom jobs would be empty across Oklahoma, Tulsa World, September 26, 2018

Cedar Rapids woman switches from engineering to teaching, KCRG (Iowa), September 26, 2018

Democrats will try to override Rauner’s teachers’ wage veto, State Journal-Register (Illinois), September 26, 2018

Class sizes raise concerns for Mich. parents, districts, teachers, Detroit News, September 26, 2018

Ragatz: long-term solution to Michigan’s teacher shortage is more respect for the profession, Michigan Radio, September 26, 2018

TUSD hiring foreign teachers to tackle shortage, KGUN (Arizona), September 26, 2018

Montgomery school parents concerned about certified teacher shortage, WSFA (Alabama), September 25, 2018

WCTC hosting first Early Childhood Education Career Fair amidst teacher shortage, WDTJ (Wisconsin), September 25, 2018

Colorado Teacher of the Year Christina Randal featured in ad campaign to promote teaching profession, Colorado Springs-Gazette, September 25, 2018

Charleston Co. School District Board approves rural recruitment initiative, WCBD News 2 (South Carolina), September 25, 2018

Hawaii ‘worst state’ for teachers, and not just because of low pay, Hawaii News Now, September 24, 2018

Prince George’s County students train to be teachers through ‘TAM’, WJLA (Maryland), September 24, 2018

Vote 4 NM: The challenges teachers face, KOB (New Mexico), September 24, 2018

Gov. Edwards proposes teacher pay raise, is it enough?, KPLC (Louisiana), September 24, 2018

Guest Opinion: Amendment 73 will increase teacher pay, Post Independent (Colorado), September 23, 2018

West Perry creates half-time posts for fill-in teachers, Penn Live (Pennsylvania), September 22, 2018

Brown signs bill for teachers to take community college classes toward credentials, Santa Rosa Press-Democrat (California), September 21, 2018

A month into school, dozens of JCPS classes lack a permanent teacher, Louisville Courier Journal (Kentucky), September 21, 2018

Teacher shortages in New York State? Depends where you look, Buffalo News, September 21, 2018

Joint dinner meeting discusses funding, teacher shortage, Resolution 262, The Democrat Star (Maryland), September 21, 2018

Invest in Ed may have been kicked off the ballot. But our education fight has just begun, AZCentral.com (Arizona), September 21, 2018

Teacher shortages an ongoing problem in MS, WDAM (Mississippi), September 20, 2018

Have you thought about teaching? Colorado teachers union sells the profession in new videos, Chalkbeat, September 20, 2018

Teacher shortage means more Texas schools going virtual, Spectrum News (Texas), September 20, 2018

Lakelands superintendents discuss teacher shortage, Index-Journal (South Carolina), September 20, 2018

Louisiana teacher shortage: Educators say salaries are too low, WWLTV, September 19, 2018

Henderson elementary school hopes chicken sales retain teachers, KVVU-TV (Nevada), September 19, 2018

IUP to help with teacher shortage, Indiana Gazette, September 18, 2018

Oregon teachers say higher pay drawing many of them to Washington, KATU (Oregon), September 18, 2018

How are Ron DeSantis and Andrew Gillum different? Look at their education plans., Tampa Bay Times (Florida), September 18, 2018

Faced with a teacher shortage, West Texas school district may be latest to go virtual, The Eagle, September 18, 2018

Teacher shortage creates need for 76 class-size waivers, Midland Reporter-Telegram (Texas), September 17, 2018

Regents OK new MSU degree to help solve rural teacher shortage, Bozeman Daily Chronicle (Montana), September 15, 2018

Romulus teacher shortage angers parents, WDIV (Michigan), September 14, 2018

Teacher shortage task force identifies progress, unfinished business, KFOR (Oklahoma), September 14, 2018

Illinois State Board of Education proposal to fix teacher shortage, WSIL, September 13, 2018

Teacher shortage affecting rural areas, Fox55 (Illinois), September 13, 2018

WSU launches paraeducator pilot program as way to tackle teacher shortage, The Spokesman-Review (Washington), September 13, 2018

Educational partnership at Marygrove to serve Detroit children, Detroit News (Michigan), September 13, 2018

Statewide teacher shortage affects students in Tri-States, WGEM (Illinois), September 12, 2018

Shortage of special education teachers being felt locally, Winchester Star (Virginia), September 12, 2018

‘We need to find a way to pay them more’: Utah governor pushes for better salaries to retain, recruit more teachers during shortage, The Salt Lake Tribune, September 12, 2018

Poudre School District school board OKs resolution in support of Amendment 73, Coloradoan, September 12, 2018

Teachers are critical to Florida’s future, Citrus County Chronicle, September 11, 2018

Arizona teacher shortage continues, with quarter of jobs going unfilled, KTAR NEWS, September 10, 2018

Illinois officials zero in on shortages of special education, bilingual teachers, MJDOnline.com, September 10, 2018

Stephanie Grace: With budget crisis over, teacher pay raise may be an easy sell, The Advocate (Louisiana), September 10, 2018

Michigan school districts battle widespread teacher shortages, Detroit News, September 10, 2018

Keeping teachers a struggle for state, Arkansas Democrat Gazette, September 10, 2018

7 Big Things You Should Understand About Teacher Pay, According to Teachers, Money, September 10, 2018

The gender gap in K-12 education you never knew about, Cleveland.com (Ohio), September 10, 2018

More qualified, more educated, less pay: Average teacher salary in Hawai‘i declines 6.4 percent, Maui Time, September 10, 2018

Teacher shortage spurs non-traditional hires in Utah County, Daily Herald (Utah), September 9, 2018

Teacher strikes, unrest hit West Coast, Moscow-Pullman Daily News (Washington), September 8, 2018

A foreign fix: School districts go international to solve the teacher shortage problem, ABC15 Arizona, September 7, 2019

W. Irondequoit CSD program helps turn students into teachers, Rochester First (New York), September 7, 2018

State Superintendent asking legislature to invest in teachers and school safety, KMVT (Idaho), September 7, 2018

South Bend and other Indiana school districts seek more teachers, South Bend Tribune, September 6, 2018

Pay raise puts slight dent in Arizona teacher shortage, Arizona Capitol Times, September 5, 2018

Wilson expands teacher certification program to meet shortage, Chambersburg Public Opinion (Pennsylvania), September 5, 2018

New fallout over FL teacher test failures: demand for answers fuels “absurd” comments; local action, WFTS (Florida), September 5, 2018

The job Americans won’t take: Arizona looks to Philippines to fill teacher shortage, The Guardian, September 5, 2018

Phil Hardin Foundation helps Meridian teachers follow their dreams, Meridian Star (Mississippi), September 4, 2018

Cash-Strapped School Districts Pin Their Hopes On A Statewide Ballot Measure, Colorado Public Radio, September 4, 2018

School year begins for thousands of Michigan students, Detroit News, September 4, 2018

Bienvenidos! JCPS battles teacher shortage by recruiting from Puerto Rico, Insider Louisville (Kentucky), September 4, 2018

Growing Leaders: In times of teacher shortage, APS continues to sustain, Austin Daily Herald (Texas), September 4, 2018

WVU could play key role in helping solve the teacher shortage crisis, The Dominion Post (West Virginia), September 2, 2018

57 vacancies: FWCS hit by national teacher shortage, Journal Gazette (Indiana), September 2, 2018

How high teacher turnover impacts Utah, Daily Herald, September 2, 2018

There was a substitute teacher shortage last year. This year, the district is ready, St. Augustine Record (Florida), September 1, 2018

A dual-enrollment program for D.C. high school students could help fill classrooms in the future, Washington Post (Washington, DC), August 31, 2018

Florida Faces Increasing Teacher Shortage After Thousands of Teachers Were Fired for Failing State Exams, Daily Caller, August 31, 2018

Central Valley Education Association fires back at district message, KXLY (Washington), August 31, 2018

Tulsa Public School board vacancy drawing big interest, 8 ABC (Oklahoma), August 31, 2018

Stan State provides fast track to teaching credentials, Turlock Journal (California), August 31, 2018

Peoria Public Schools looking to fill 39 open teacher jobs, Journal Star (Illinois), August 31, 2018

Faced with a teacher shortage, school districts get creative and hire teachers in training, Monterey County Weekly (California), August 30, 2018

Manar Hopes To Override Teacher Salary Veto, Northern Public Radio (Illinois), August 30, 2018

Watertown Ready For School Year Despite Teacher Shortage, WNYF (New York), August 29, 2018

How States Across the Country Are Dealing With Teacher Shortages, Pacific Standard, August 29, 2018

Swing Education aims to fill sub shortage, Los Altos Town Crier (California), August 29, 2018

Local school districts face teacher shortages, Daily Chronicle (Illinois), August 29, 2018

Rauner Vetoes Teacher $40K Minimum Salary Bill, TriStates Public Radio (Illinois), August 28, 2018

Teacher shortage across the Big Country causing crowded classrooms, KTXS (Texas), August 28, 2018

Baldwin Community Schools Feeling Impact of Statewide Teacher Shortage, 9and10 News (Michigan), August 28, 2018

OSU education majors down as teacher shortage hits Oklahoma, Stillwater News Press, August 28, 2018

Gadsden ISD Tackles Teacher Shortage, KRWG (New Mexico), August 28, 2018

As Illinois tackles teacher shortage, research points to loan forgiveness, St. Louis Public Radio, August 27, 2018

Search our database: Is there an untrained teacher in your child’s classroom?, Arizona Republic, August 27, 2018

Some communities struggle with shortage of teachers, WCAX (Vermont), August 27, 2018

2 in 3 Americans say public school teachers are underpaid, Washington Post, August 27, 2018

As nation searches for solution to teacher of color shortage, local schools don’t fare any better, GoDanRiver.com (Virginia), August 27, 2018

Wanted: More teachers, subs in Reading, Reading Eagle (Pennsylvania), August 27, 2018

Twin Cities STEM teachers face pay challenges, Star-Tribune (Minnesota), August 27, 2018

Nelson ready to tackle ECISD issues, Odessa American (Texas), August 26, 2018

Florence-Penrose Superintendent Brenda Krage: Does it pay to teach in a small rural district?, Cannon City Daily Record (Colorado), August 25, 2018

Mon County Schools not affected by teacher shortage, Dominion Post (West Virginia), August 25, 2018

100-plus new teachers hired amid PA teacher shortage, The Mercury (Pennsylvania), August 24, 2018

Sub shortage leads teachers to trade in their prep time, Times Herald (Michigan), August 23, 2018

Help Wanted: Teacher shortage leaves Audubon schools using online program for Spanish classes, Advocate Journal (Iowa), August 23, 2018

Request of more than 900 emergency teacher certifications approved in Oklahoma, WFOR, August 23, 2018

RPS 205 combats teacher shortage, WIFR (Illinois), August 22, 2018

Verify: Are teacher shortages impacting class sizes?, WZZM (Michigan), August 22, 2018

State teacher shortage: A look at the numbers that are worse than last year, Tulsa World (Oklahoma), August 22, 2018

Teachers Leaving Classroom Based Partly on Low Pay, NBC 6 (Florida), August 22, 2018

Many US States Struggle with Teacher Shortages, Voice of America, August 21, 2018

Hiring has become year-round effort for districts facing teacher shortages, Michigan Radio, August 21, 2018