What's the Cost of Teacher Turnover?

High teacher turnover—or churn—undermines student achievement and consumes valuable staff time and resources. It also contributes to teacher shortages throughout the country, as roughly 6 of 10 new teachers hired each year are replacing colleagues who left the classroom before retirement. Research shows that urban districts can, on average, spend more than $20,000 on each new hire, including school and district expenses related to separation, recruitment, hiring, and training. These investments don’t pay their full dividend when teachers leave within 1 or 2 years after being hired. Turnover rates vary by school and district, with those in rural and urban settings or that serve high percentages of student in poverty experiencing the highest rates. Use this tool to estimate the cost of teacher turnover in your school or district and to inform a local conversation about how to attract, support, and retain a high-quality teacher workforce. High-leverage strategies are highlighted below.

The Latest News From Around the Country

Otero Junior College Tackles Rural Teacher Shortage with CU Denver, Yahoo Finance (Colorado), June 13, 2019

Florida teacher shortage: Lake County looking to fill 200 open positions, Fox35, June 13, 2019

New California budget proposal would benefit future teachers, 23ABCNews, June 13, 2019

Public school teachers speak out against state budget proposal, WCTI (North Carolina), June 13, 2019

#RedForEd Hope To Decrease Class Sizes Remains A Difficult Goal, KJZZ (Arizona), June 13, 2019

These Two Things Might Be Shrinking The Number Of Teacher Vacancies In Kansas, KCUR, June 13, 2019

In only its second year, Tulsa Public Schools’ Teacher Corps program is improving at filling holes in the workforce, Tulsa World (Oklahoma), June 12, 2019

Education funding increase could help state’s teacher shortage, KSNT (Kansas), June 12, 2019

Blog: NYSSBA finds many districts struggling to find ENL teachers, Post-Star (New York), June 12, 2019

Duval County Public Schools to hire hundreds of teacher during summer break, partner with UNF, CBS47 (Florida), June 12, 2019

School districts seeing benefits of increases in budgets and teacher pay, KTUL (Oklahoma), June 10, 2019

Duval schools face critical teacher shortage, Florida Times-Union (Florida), June 10, 2019

After years of debilitating teacher shortages, some districts are seeing progress in hiring, retention, Tulsa World (Oklahoma), June 10, 2019

Indiana Teachers Racing To Beat July 1 Start Of New Professional Development Requirement, WSCH, June 10, 2019

Teach applicant pool low, Messenger-Inquirer (Kentucky), June 10, 2019

Illinois teachers get new minimum base salary, MyWebTimes, June 9, 2019

Fellowship Program to Lure Teachers to Arkansas City, US News, June 9, 2019

From buses to libraries, 2020 education budget has more for K-12 schools, KPVI (Alabama), June 8, 2019

Palm Beach County School District works to recruit more teachers to the district, WFLX (Florida), June 7, 2019

Charleston area schools still grappling with teacher retention, recruitment, Charleston Post and Courier (North Carolina), June 7, 2019

Licensing ‘misunderstanding’ may cost some teachers their jobs, heightening state’s critical teacher shortage, Mississippi Today, June 7, 2019

Teacher shortage bills await Governor’s signature, Enquirer-Democrat (Illinois), June 7, 2019

Poll Shows Broad Satisfaction with PA Public Schools, Public News Service (Pennsylvania), June 7, 2019

Dist. 230, teachers approve new 5-year contract, Daily Southtown (Illinois), June 7, 2019

9 Investigates: Oklahoma Still Losing Teachers Despite Pay Raises, KWTV, June 6, 2019

What’s next in the education world? “Adjunct teachers” on the rise in Florida’s K-12 classrooms, Florida Phoenix, June 6, 2019

UT program aims to place more teachers of the color in classrooms statewide, WBIR (Tennessee), June 5, 2019

Illinois top educator wants to revamp state testing, Chalkbeat, June 5, 2019

Teachers in Washington County Public Schools can expect a salary increase, WDVM (Maryland), June 5, 2019

House committee approves bill giving teachers more time to pass licensure exams, WRAL (North Carolina), June 5, 2019

Savannah-Chatham school board to vote on company to help hire international teachers, WTOC (Georgia), June 5, 2019

D65 moves to outsource substitute teachers, Evanston Now (Illinois), June 4, 2019

Union, Jenks partner with NSU on future teacher program to ‘grow our own’ amid statewide educator shortage, Tulsa World (Oklahoma), June 4, 2019

Jacksonville district dangles bonus, stipend for special-ed teachers, Democrat Gazette (Arkansas), June 4, 2019

Fredericksburg School Board approves 5 percent raise for teachers, staff, Freelance Star (Virginia), June 4, 2019

Cleveland State University taking a deeper look at the special education teacher shortage in Northeast Ohio, News 5, June 3, 2019

CMU program adds students, expands support for current and future educators, Morning Sun (Michigan), June 2, 2019

Pine Bluff area offering carrot to teachers, Democrat Gazette (Arkansas), June 2, 2019

Schools cope with rising teacher turnover, Spartan Newsroom (Michigan), June 2, 2019

Teachers blindsided after being let go at end of school year, union says, St. Augustine Record (Florida), June 1, 2019

$40K minimum teacher salary mandate clears both chambers, Capitol Fax (Illinois), June 1, 2019

Michigan teachers struggle in ‘lost decade’ of salary decline, MLive.com, June 1, 2019

Education budget, medical marijuana commission pass in legislators’ last day in Montgomery, Alabama Daily News, May 31, 2019

New program focused on the teacher shortage in Montgomery County, Clarksville Now (Tennessee), May 31, 2019

Virginia Troops to Teachers program helps troops transition to the classroom, Virginia Gazette, May 30, 2019

Saginaw Valley State University helps fill teacher shortage gap, NBC25 News (Michigan), May 30, 2019

80% of DC Area Teachers Have Considered Leaving Profession in Past 2 Years: I-Team Survey, NBC4 (Washington, DC), May 30, 2019

APS holds job fair to resolve teacher shortage, KRQE (New Mexico), May 29, 2019

State Senate advances measures to address teacher shortage, Daily Herald (Illinois), May 29, 2019

Teacher pay raise could help fix teaching shortage, WBRC (Alabama), May 29, 2019

SIU is spearheading project to propel high school students into teaching careers, SIU News (Illinois), May 29, 2019

There is a diversity shortage among teachers | Opinion, Jersey Journal (New Jersey), May 29, 2019

Legislature votes to allow longer emergency teaching certificates, Alabama Political Reporter, May 29, 2019

South County cohort of teaching students graduate from Hartnell, King City Hustler (California), May 29, 2019

Lawmakers approve teacher pay raise, education budget, Miami Herald (Florida), May 28, 2019

Where Hawaii’s Chronic Teacher Shortage Hits Hardest, Honolulu Civil Beat (Hawaii), May 28, 2019

Shortage of sense, Journal Gazette (Indiana), May 28, 2019

Homegrown Teachers Are The Norm At Molokai High, Honolulu Civil Beat (Hawaii), May 28, 2019

Grant will help Goshen College teaching grads fill local jobs, Goshen News (Indiana), May 28, 2019

Solving the teacher shortage crisis: APSU and CMCSS team up on new program, Clarksville Leaf Chronicle (Tennessee), May 27, 2019

Training encourages Gwinnett students to become Gwinnett teachers, Atlanta Journal Constitution (Georgia), May 27, 2019

Report: Teachers turn to moonlighting, Jacksonville Journal Courier (Illinois), May 26, 2019

Wolford Public School shuts down due to teacher shortage, News-Press (North Dakota), May 25, 2019

New teacher licensing rule surprises educators and lawmakers, MyWabashValley.com (Indiana), May 24, 2019

New Illinois bill offers incentive to train teachers for ‘hard-to-staff’ schools, Stateline, May 24, 2019

Senate Republicans introduce ‘Student Success Act’ Register-Herald (West Virginia), May 24, 2019

Roaring Fork teachers find pay raise in district budget, Post Independent (Colorado), May 23, 2019

Niagara University creates program to get more teachers in the classroom, WGRZ (New York), May 23, 2019

Long Island Teacher Shortage Fails Multilingual Learners, WSHU (New York), May 23, 2019

California considers overhauling test of reading instruction for teachers in training, EdSource, May 23, 2019

Hundreds of new apartment units, teacher housing coming to Mountain View, Mercury-News (California), May 23, 2019

Rural Colorado faces a teacher shortage. University of Colorado Denver has plans to help., Chalkbeat, May 22, 2019

Education budget with teacher pay raises heads to House vote, Montgomery Advertiser (Alabama), May 22, 2019

Cherokee schools propose $481M budget, no tax rate increase, Atlanta Journal Constitution (Georgia), May 22, 2019

Public school teachers rally over funding, Journal Gazette (Indiana), May 22, 2019

More money for teachers: Is a raise enough to recruit, keep them?, KUTV (Utah), May 21, 2019

St. Louis Public School official touches on teacher shortages, fight for funding, KMOV (Missouri), May 21, 2019

Teacher shortage impacting Maine’s rural areas, special education workforce, WGME, May 21, 2019

New education facility at Nevada State College aims to curb teacher shortage, KVVU, May 20, 2019

Bertino-Tarrant passes bills to tackle statewide teacher shortage, Herald-News (Illinois), May 20, 2019

School district considers four-day school week to get, keep teachers, WSB (Georgia), May 20, 2019

Work to be done on STAAR scores, Odessa American (Texas)s, May 19, 2019

Bill suspending basic skills test for Illinois teachers advances through House, Daily Chronicle (Illinois), May 18, 2019

Committee hears testimony on state’s teacher shortage, NJTV News (New Jersey), May 16, 2019

Effort Underway to Raise Minimum Teacher Salary in Pennsylvania, Erie News Now (May 16, 2019

Union president: KCPS faces challenges in recruiting teachers, KMBZ (Kansas), May 16, 2019

New Plan Hikes Pay for District Teachers, Beloit Daily News (Wisconsin), May 15, 2019

Harrisburg superintendent responds to former teachers’ criticism, PennLive (Pennsylvania), May 15, 2019

Barriers Removed to Help Teaching Assistants Get Licensed, Spectrum News 1 (Ohio), May 15, 2019

Column: Shortage of qualified teachers rising to crisis level in Hawaii, Star Advertiser, May 14, 2019

Onslow County Schools looking to fill 200 teacher positions for upcoming school year, WNCT (North Carolina), May 13, 2019

Studies Show Florida Has Teacher Shortage, Underpays Them, Florida Daily, May 13, 2019

Teachers of Tomorrow aims to remedy teacher shortage, AzFamily.com (Arizona), May 13 2019

Substitutes filling void in New Mexico amid teacher shortage, WRAL, May 13, 2019

Dayton schools’ staffing issues affect hundreds of kids daily, Dayton Daily News (Ohio), May 12, 2019

Clay County School District needs teachers, Action News Jax (Florida), May 12, 2019

Teacher shortages and student success in Texas, Texarkana Gazette, May 12, 2019

This is a heap of bills that got passed, Durango Herald (Colorado), May 11, 2019

Ozarks Tonight: Teachers In Rural Communities, OzarksFirst.com (Missouri), May 10, 2019

Arizona teachers leaving state for more money educating abroad, AzFamily.com, May 10, 2019

Kaine visits Stafford school to brainstorm solutions to teacher shortage, Free Lance-Star (Virginia), May 10, 2019

Teacher shortage, early education targeted in Gov. Newsom’s California budget revision, EdSource, May 10, 2019

Report: Moonlighting Teachers Connected to Shortage, Public News Service (Wyoming), May 10, 2019

Teachers, students participate in “walk in” outside Nashville elementary school, Fox 17 (Tennessee), May 10, 2019

HISD trustees vote against renewing district contract with Teach For America, Houston Chronicle (Texas), May 9, 2019

Project Idaho: The need for more Career and Technical Education teachers, 2IdahoNews, May 9, 2019

So you want to be a teacher; where should you work?, ABC4 (Utah), May 9, 2019

Subbing in: Need for substitutes growing during teacher shortage in New Mexico, Carlsbad Current Argus, May 9, 2019

Gov. Newsom proposes $90 million in scholarships for new teachers in revised budget, EdSource (California), May 9, 2019

Despite May 1 teacher march, SC lawmakers won’t pass education reform this year, The State (South Carolina), May 9, 2019

School funding in SC could be tied to class seizes; input sought on what those should be, Charleston Post and Courier (South Carolina), May 9, 2019

Worth Co. educators doing their part to combat nationwide teacher shortage, WALB (Georgia), May 8, 2019

FOX 11 Investigates: Teacher shortage impacts districts across Northeast Wisconsin, Fox 11 News, May 8, 2019

House passes bill authorizing 2-year emergency teaching certificates, Alabama Political Reporter, May 8, 2019

New accelerated UTeach program addresses STEM teacher shortage, The Daily Texan, May 7, 2019

The Struggles Of The Illinois Teacher Shortage In Districts Big and Small, Northern Public Radio, May 7, 2019

Local schools experiencing math and science teacher shortage, WBRC (Alabama), May 7, 2019

Amid negotiations, House touts 1,148 new teachers since 2018 raise, NonDoc (Oklahoma), May 7, 2019

Teachers who fail their licensing exams could stay in the classroom under Senate bill, News & Observer (North Carolina), May 7, 2019

UPDATE | Parents, teachers reiterate recommendations outlined in W.Va. education report, WSAZ (West Virginia), May 7, 2019

Study Shows Growing Teacher Wage Gap, Public News Service (Pennsylvania), May 6, 2019

Bloomington HS Aims To ‘Grow Their Own’ To Address Teacher Shortage, WGLT (Illinois), May 6, 2019

Editorial: Double-dipping isn’t the answer to SC teacher shortage, Charleston Post Courier (South Carolina), May 6, 2019

SUNY CCC addressing nationwide teacher shortage during National Teacher Appreciation Week, My Twin Tiers (New York), May 6, 2019

About 1,000 Nashville teachers miss school again in pay dispute, CNN News (Tennessee), May 6, 2019

Illinois lawmakers to consider new teacher testing methods, Fox2Now, May 5, 2019

Indiana teacher shortage grows among questions about education funding, Washington Times Herald, May 4, 2019

Idaho teacher-prep programs vary across state universities, NNU at top, KIVI, May 3, 2019

Nashville teachers stage sickout after budget proposal, Midland Reporter-Telegram (Tennessee), May 3, 2019

Fresno State hopes to fill teacher shortage with conference for high school students, KFSN-TV (California), May 3, 2019

Nashville teachers stage sickout after budget proposal, WRAL.com (Tennessee), May 3, 2019

First on new California state superintendent’s long agenda: getting more men of color in the classroom, EdSource, May 3, 2019

Help wanted: Embry hunts for teachers, Times-Gazette (Tennessee), May 3, 2019

Troy University plans to expand teacher residency program, Troy Messenger (Alabama), May 2, 2019

Greenfield Union feels the pinch of a staff shortage with more than 20 resignations., Monterey County Weekly (California), May 2, 2019

Senate approves teacher raise, education budget, WRAL (Alabama), May 2, 2019

Addressing The Teacher Shortage, Transylvania Times (North Carolina), May 2, 2019

With loan forgiveness and stipends, Colorado lawmakers hope to lure teachers to rural districts, Chalkbeat, May 1, 2019

Project Oklahoma: Are emergency certified teachers the new normal?, KTUL, May 1, 2019

‘Join us or move out of the way’ | SC teachers march on Statehouse, demand reform, ABC4 News (South Carolina), May 1, 2019

Teacher shortage affecting local schools, Daily News (Indiana), May 1, 2019

Bertino-Tarrant backs plan to end teacher shortage in Illinois, Herald-News, April 30, 2019

Clarion University will relaunch a stand-alone School of Education, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Pennsylvania), April 30, 2019

Poll: Illinoisans Say Improving Schools Among Top Issues Facing State, WTTW, April 30, 2019

Area Public Schools Closing for Teacher Rally, WHQR (North Carolina), April 30, 2019

Brown v. Board of Education: Newton district’s staff not reflective of growing student diversity, Leavenworth Times (Kansas), April 30, 2019

Teacher union president: Do state lawmakers want Florida’s kids to fail?, Florida Phoenix, April 30, 2019

University of the Cumberlands adds new program to meet national special education teacher shortage, WYMT (Kentucky), April 29, 2019

SC’s top educator to work as substitute during teacher ‘walkout’, ABC News4 (South Carolina), April 29, 2019

Teacher pay is up in Nebraska and Iowa over the past decade; 38 states saw wages shrink, Omaha World-Herald (Nebraska), April 29, 2019

Teacher pay raise pushed state to 34th in nation, Oklahoman, April 29, 2019

A fair chance? Not all Georgia teachers certified for the subjects they teach, 11Alive, April 29, 2019

Amid looming teacher shortage, Volusia reviews hiring process, Daytona Beach News-Journal (Florida), April 28, 2019

Education officials, lawmakers look at alternatives to teacher testing, State Journal-Register (Illinois), April 27, 2019

New plan being pushed to attract more Louisiana professionals to teaching: ‘We have to do something’, The Advocate (Louisiana), April 27, 2019

Statewide survey: most Californians support teacher strikes for higher pay, EdSource, April 27, 2019

Warwick teacher’s suit cites inadequate special-education staffing, Providence Journal (Rhode Island), April 27, 2019

Para Educators: Growing Teachers From Within, Milwaukee Courier (Wisconsin), April 27, 2019

Forrestville Valley tuition waiver aims to attract, keep teachers and staff, Journal Standard (Illinois), April 26, 2019

Hard Lessons On The Teacher Shortage, NPR Illinois, April 26, 2019

Wyoming Teachers Are Best Paid In The Country, KOWB, April 26, 2019

Challenge isn’t getting teachers into classroom. It’s keeping them., Atlanta Journal-Constitution (Georgia), April 26, 2019

Philadelphia’s teacher turnover is yet another education crisis | Editorial, The Inquirer (Pennsylvania), April 26, 2019

McCormick superintendent defends virtual classrooms, Index-Journal (South Carolina), April 26, 2019

Southern AZ facing a shortage of STEM teachers, KOLD (Arizona) April 25, 2019

Statewide: Kicking The Can Down The Road On Pensions?; Giving Wannabe Teachers A Shot, NPR Illinois, April 25, 2019

Teachers left out of $1,500 dollar raise, WTVA (Mississippi), April 25, 2019

San Diego Partnership Targets Teacher Shortage, KPBS, April 25, 2109

Texas Teacher Shortage Linked to Low Wages, Oversized Classes, El Palso Herald, April 25, 2019

Wyoming teachers compensated better than most amid disappointing trend, Buckrail, April 25, 2019

Teacher shortage creates challenges for North Spencer County Schools, WFIE (Indiana), April 24, 2019

Teacher Pathway Inclusion program announced to get students into teaching profession, KUSI (California), April 24, 2019

Lawmakers find $763M for education in Indiana budget, WTHR, April 24, 2019

In our opinion: Utah teacher shortage needs less discussion and more action, Deseret News (Utah), April 24, 2019

Indiana Teacher Shortage List Includes Special Needs, STEM Subjects, WSCH, April 24, 2019

New scholarship helps address teacher shortage, Sun-Gazette (California), April 24, 2019

Private Companies May Get a Shot at Training Oklahoma Teachers, Tulsa Public Radio, April 24, 2019

Possible pay raise coming to teachers in the Canyons School District, ABC4 News (Utah), April 24, 2019

State Superintendent weighs in on teacher shortage, bill extending “urgent teaching certificates”, WVTM (Alabama), April 23, 2019

Indiana teacher shortage includes STEM subjects, languages, The Tribune, April 23, 2019

Expert: Retention strategies could help teacher shortage, Atlanta Journal-Constitution (Georgia), April 23, 2019

What’s causing the Wisconsin teacher shortage?, The Wisconsin 100, April 23, 2019

Indiana Department of Education to Submit Teacher Shortage List to U.S. Department of Education, WBIW, April 23, 2019

Illinois lawmakers solicit proposals to address 1,000-plus teacher shortage, Education Dive, April 22, 2019

Educators look to combat teacher shortage, announce new partnership Monday, WSPA (South Carolina), April 22, 2019

Earn a bachelor’s degree in 3 years and teach at Greenville County Schools, Greenville News (South Carolina), April 22, 2019

South Carolina teachers calling out of work May 1 to march on Statehouse, Post and Courier, April 22, 2019

SC leaders say they want to fix schools. But they are missing key reforms, critics say, Charlotte Observer (South Carolina), April 22, 2019

Donald V. Huard: Why is there a teacher shortage?, Havasu News (Arizona), April 21, 2019

Report: Alabama bill would expand time for non-certified teachers, WAFF, April 21, 2019

DPI data: North Dakota teachers earn more in small districts than larger ones, Grand Forks Herald, April 21, 2019

In face of shortage, educators support bill for non-certified teachers, Anniston Star (Alabama), April 20, 2019

Teach for America targeted as legislation seeks to limit inexperienced teachers in California, Daily Democrat, April 20, 2019

Rural districts dealing with teacher shortage, Colorado Springs Business Journal, April 20, 2019

The teacher shortage in Wisconsin: Why are fewer people wanting to become teachers?, Channel3000, April 18, 2019

New scholarship fund helps address South Valley teacher shortage, The Sentinel (California), April 19, 2019

State seeks solution to substitute teacher shortage, Delaware Public Media, April 19, 2019

Illinois Education Board Studying Teacher Testing Costs, Associated Press, April 18, 2019

California Facing Teacher Shortage, Capital & Main, April 18, 2019

Teach for America targeted as legislation seeks to limit inexperienced teachers in California, EdSource, April 18, 2019

Tonight at 10: Why are fewer people wanting to become teachers?, Channel 3000 (Wisconsin), April 18, 2019

Tests, costs may be making Illinois’ teacher shortage worse, Pekin Daily Times, April 17, 2019

Clarkson Professors Receive Grant to Address Stem Teacher Shortage, CU News & Events (New York), April 17, 2019

Rigor Vs. Reality: ISBE Tackles The Teacher Shortage, NPR Illinois, April 17, 2019

Teacher shortage prompting licensing change requests, Journal-Republican (Illinois), April 17, 2019

New teacher retirement benefits approved by House budget committee, AL.com (Alabama), April 17, 2019

Senators are acting on 3 education bills affecting testing, reading and teacher shortages, The News & Observer (North Carolina), April 17, 2019

In need of teacher housing, more California school districts building their own, EdSource, April 17, 2019

Educators reflect on another legislative session with little progress on teacher pay, Chicago Tribune (Illinois), April 16, 2019

Proposed Bill Would Eliminate Third-Party Teacher Hiring, NBC7 (California), April 16, 2019

Clackamas district to close schools May 8 due to teacher walkout, rally, KATU (Oregon), April 16, 2019

WCU School of Education to host Teacher Education Roundup, Meridian Star (Mississippi), April 16, 2019

Teacher and Support Personnel Unions Set to Stage ‘Walk-Ins’ at 8 Flagler Schools Wednesday, Flagler Live (Florida), April 16, 2019

More new teachers in pipeline, but California falling short in producing fully qualified ones, EdSource, April 16, 2019

Districts welcome new law to fill substitute teacher positions amid shortage, Tulsa World (Oklahoma), April 15, 2019

Bill could help address teacher shortage, increase diversity, Yakima Herald (Washington), April 15, 2019

Can you teach? Classrooms seek college grads to fill substitute rosters, News Tribune (Illinois), April 15, 2019

Plan would boost pay in 6 Erie County school districts, Echo-Pilot (Pennsylvania), April 15, 2019

Late night Senate amendments shock local teachers, Snoqualmie Valley Record (Washington), April 15, 2019

Area schools in need of substitute teachers, Fosters.com (New Hampshire), April 14, 2019