What's the Cost of Teacher Turnover?

High teacher turnover—or churn—undermines student achievement and consumes valuable staff time and resources. It also contributes to teacher shortages throughout the country, as roughly 6 of 10 new teachers hired each year are replacing colleagues who left the classroom before retirement. Research shows that urban districts can, on average, spend more than $20,000 on each new hire, including school and district expenses related to separation, recruitment, hiring, and training. These investments don’t pay their full dividend when teachers leave within 1 or 2 years after being hired. Turnover rates vary by school and district, with those in rural and urban settings or that serve high percentages of student in poverty experiencing the highest rates. Use this tool to estimate the cost of teacher turnover in your school or district and to inform a local conversation about how to attract, support, and retain a high-quality teacher workforce. High-leverage strategies are highlighted below.

The Latest News From Around the Country

With their ‘Ellen’ debut, Ashley Ridge seniors shine a light on the need for teachers, Post and Courier (South Carolina), March 15, 2019

Spotsylvania tax rate could increase; school funding a key driver in possible spike, Freelance Star (Virginia), March 14, 2019

Indiana K-12 funding, teacher pay spark discussion, WISHTV, March 14, 2019

Teachers union, school district settle, Panama City News Herald (Florida), March 14, 2019

Does ‘More Than A Score’ Mean Teachers Too?, NPR Illinois, March 14, 2019

Superintendents to new teacher grads: come home,Cadillac News (Michigan), March 14, 2019

Housing vouchers considered as incentive for attracting (and keeping) teachers, Hawaii News Now, March 13, 2019

Battling teacher shortage, Roanoke City raises pay, WDBJ (Virginia), March 13, 2019

Closing the gap: Teacher shortages in career, technical fields contribute to labor deficit, West Central Tribune (Minnesota), March 13, 2019

Lawmakers attempt to make new welfare program to tackle teacher shortages, Jefferson Star (Idaho), March 13, 2019

Kaine introduces bipartisan bill to address teacher shortages, Herald Courier (Virginia), March 13, 2019

Program’s offer to help meet teacher shortages met with skepticism, Telegraph (Illinois), March 13, 2019

Oklahoma school district helping emergency-certified teachers prepare for requirement exams, KFOR (Oklahoma), March 13, 2019

Charleston County Schools could continue setting the pace for teacher pay raises, Post and Courier, March 11, 2019

Survey: Teacher shortage serious, growing, Shelbyville Daily Union (Illinois), March 11, 2019

New teacher cadet program planned for Kent County students to combat shortage, MLive (Michigan), March 11, 2019

Southern Miss and MGCCC partner to combat teacher shortage, The Student Printz (Mississippi), March 11, 2019

Educators voice concern over faster route to teacher certification, KXNet (North Dakota), March 11, 2019

Building a workforce for PHLPreK: not an easy proposition, Philadelphia Public School Notebook (Pennsylvania), March 11, 2019

Pay raises, tuition freeze and a refund? A look at the first draft of SC’s next budget, The State (South Carolina), March 10, 2019

Stress, working conditions make teaching a tough sell, Gainesville Sun (Florida), March 9, 2019

Indiana, Wabash Valley teachers rally for pay boosts, Tribune Star (Indiana), March 9, 2019

Vision Tulsa funding for teacher recruitment, retention will soon be a reality for three local school districts, Tulsa World (Oklahoma), March 9, 2019

State senator pushes two sales tax bills to fund Arizona education, KTAR, March 8, 2019

Local teachers heading to Statehouse rally, Star-Press (Indiana), March 8, 2019

County schools facing shortage of English learner teachers, in line with national trend, Bowling Green Daily News (Kentucky), March 8, 2019

District 204 Plan to End Teacher Shortage, Naperville Community Television (Illinois), March 8, 2019

New York needs more teachers, WXXI, March 7, 2019

PJUSD, teachers reach pay accord, Patterson Irrigator (California), March 7, 2019

How rural Colorado districts are coping with growing teacher shortage, The Colorado Sun, March 7, 2019

Florida school districts respond to bill taking aim at teacher certification (FTCE) controversy, WFTS, March 7, 2019

Education reform bill passes South Carolina House after bitter debate about class sizes, Greenville News, March 7, 2019

Goshen recruiting teachers at events, Goshen News (Indiana), March 6, 2019

Teacher job fair coming Up March 30th, KUSI (California), March 6, 2019

Lewis County to participate in GSC ‘Home Grown’ program, The Weston Democrat (West Virginia), March 6, 2019

Senate education panel looks to expand vouchers, change teacher bonus program, Orlando Sentinel (Florida), March 6, 2019

IL lawmaker co-sponsors bill to raise teacher salaries, KFVS (Illinois), March 6, 2019

Reed wants to work on teacher shortage, Daily Mountain Eagle (Alabama), March 5, 2019

Bill Aims To Expand MAP Grants To Prospective Teachers, Northern Public Radio (Illinois), March 5, 2019

Northeast Oklahoma Districts Discuss Lack Of Education Funding, News On 6, March 4, 2019

Teachers rally in Central Florida and across the state for better school funding, Orlando Sentinel, March 4, 2019

How Philadelphia Can Improve Its Teacher Shortage, Philly2Philly.com (Pennsylvania), March 4, 2019

Maine Teachers Are Underpaid Compared To Those In Other States, But Several Bills Could Change That, Maine Public Radio, March 4, 2019

A Broken Market’: Wisconsin’s Shortage of Child Care Teachers, Wisconsin Public Radio, March 4, 2019

Teachers Call for More Funding for Public Schools Before Start of Legislative Session, WMFE (Florida), March 4, 2019

Teacher shortage hits hardest in rural Alabama, AL.com, March 3, 2019

State Rep. Keicher proposes MAP grants bill addressing teacher shortage, Daily Chronicle (Illinois), March 3, 2019

Oakland school strike: Vote to approve tentative agreement postponed to Sunday, San Francisco Chronicle (California), March 2, 2019

Schools across Marion County are experiencing a shortage in substitute teachers, Marion Star (Ohio), March 2, 2019

Pulling no punches: Boot camp prepares Millikin education majors for first job interviews, Herald & Review (Illinois), March 2, 2019

Raising teacher base pay lauded, Altoona Mirror (Pennsylvania), March 2, 2019

New bill proposes major changes to Florida’s teacher certification process, WFTS (Florida), March 1, 2019

Schools facing teacher shortages, WSYM (Michigan), March 1, 2019

Superintendent says TUSD is showing improvements, News 4 Tucson (Arizona), February 28, 2019

District strikes deal with teachers, staff, Apalachicola Times (Florida), February 28, 2019

Schools facing teacher shortages, WILX (Michigan), February 28, 2019

OPINION: Teachers should not be paid based on student performance, The Red & Black (Georgia), March 1, 2019

SLO County teachers get paid less — and pay way more for housing — than those in Valley, The Tribune (California), February 28, 2019

District strikes deal with teachers, staff, The Times (Mississippi), February 28, 2019

Pay raise proposed for Amherst school employees, News & Advance (Virginia), February 28, 2019

Superintendent says TUSD is showing improvements, KVOA (Arizona), February 28, 2019

OUR OPINION: Teacher shortage needs attention, Daily Journal (Mississippi), February 28, 2019

Amid statewide teacher shortage, Decatur schools get a jump on seeking new hires, Herald & Review (Illinois), February 28, 2019

No teacher shortage in Forsyth County, but the school system won’t take that for granted, Forsyth County News (Georgia), February 28, 2019

Lawmakers debate fire suppression, affordable housing, local gun ordinances, teacher shortages, Belgrade News (Montana), February 28, 2019

House passes teacher pay raise, train bills, Pauls Valley Democrat (Oklahoma), February 27, 2019

Tax Watchdog: One-third of suburban educators paid more than $90,000, Daily Herald (Illinois), February 27, 2019

Idaho State University College of Education to host Education Career Fair on March 14, Idaho State Journal, February 27, 2019

Harrison County Trying to Fill Teacher Shortage, WXXV (Mississippi), February 27, 2019

SC education overhaul bill advances to House floor while Senate prepares major changes, Post and Courier (South Carolina), February 27, 2019

Teachers union launches campaign to fully fund public schools, WCTV (Florida), February 26, 2019 

Legislature advancing bills to help train, recruit and retain teachers in rural Montana, KPAX, February 26, 2019

Michigan teachers quitting at record rate, Fox 17, February 26, 2019

Here’s one way to attract qualified teachers to WV, MetroNews (West Virginia), February 26, 2019

Local school district starts student loan payoff program, WIFR (Illinois), February 25, 2019

Teacher shortage causes local district to teach via video conference, KXAN (Texas), February 25, 2019

Program turns TAs into teachers, Rocky Mount Telegram (North Carolina), February 25, 2019

Shelbyville school board approves teacher contract, Daily Union (Illinois), February 25, 2019

California Looking To Add New Daycare Major To Ease Child Care Crisis, CBS Sacramento, February 25, 2019

UA Teachers Academy works to address statewide teacher shortage, AZ Big Media (Arizona), February 24, 2019

Grassroots efforts are trying to solve the teacher shortage crisis, Daily Journal (Mississippi), February 24, 2019

Region 18 offering online certifications, Odessa American (Texas), February 24, 2019

See where California teachers have the toughest time paying rent, mortgage, Sacramento Bee, February 24, 2019

OUR VIEW: Unanimous House vote a good step, Muskogee Phoenix (Oklahoma), February 23, 2019

Expo to match teachers, jobs, News-Press (South Carolina), February 23, 2019

Enduring substitute teacher shortage bleeds into teachers’ prep periods, costing more money, Billings Gazette (Montana), February 23, 2019

Colorado Springs meeting to explain program steering veterans into teaching, The Gazette (Colorado), February 23, 2019

Dist. 205 reorganizes CTE courses, Register-Mail (Illinois), February 22, 2019

University of Northern Colorado Future Teacher Conference brings hundreds of Colorado high-schoolers to Greeley, Greely Tribune, February 22, 2019

7 School Bills To Watch In Illinois, WBEZ, February 22, 2019

LCC four-year degree expected to counter teacher shortage, boost local economy, Daily News (Washington), February 22, 2019

Bills to address Montana’s teacher shortage attract advocates from Bainville to Browning, Billings Gazette, February 22, 2019

Fairfax County substitute teacher shortage continues despite government shutdown job fairs, Fox5 (Virginia), February 22, 2019

LCC four-year degree expected to counter teacher shortage, boost local economy, TDN.com (Washington), February 22, 2019

Behind Teacher Shortage: Fewer New Educators Graduating From Alabama Schools, WBHM (Alabama), February 22, 2019

Covington County School District hosts job fair, WDAM (Mississippi), February 21, 2019

Large teacher pay increase included in Bedford Co. Schools 2020 budget, WDBJ (Virginia), February 21, 2019

The latest at the capitol: House OK’s $1,200 teacher pay raise; $5 million for business recruitment, Tulsa World (Oklahoma), February 21, 2019

Onsted superintendent: Fewer applying for teaching jobs, Monroe News (Michigan), February 21, 2019

Special Assignment: Education concerns, WTOK (Mississippi), February 20, 2019

SC teachers could see up to 10% raise, score victories on other pieces in reform bill, Post and Courier (South Carolina), February 20, 2019

Teacher shortages force districts to use online education programs, Mississippi Today, February 20, 2019

House approves Valdez’s bipartisan bill to address state’s rural teacher shortage, Valley Courier (Colorado), February 20, 2019

After SC teachers blast proposed K-12 education overhaul, House proposes big changes, The State (South Carolina) February 20, 2019

Hillsborough County school leaders to tackle teacher shortage with new recruitment, retention plan, WFTS (Florida), February 19, 2019

DeKalb struggles to find substitutes amid teacher shortage, Atlanta Journal Constitution (Georgia), February 19, 2019

Senate Passes $1,000 Teacher Pay Raise, Seeking To Address Teacher Shortage Crisis, Jackson Free Press (Mississippi), February 19, 2019

Indiana teacher pay raise proposal dies as House GOP budget plan advances, Indianapolis Star, February 19, 2019

Unusual alliance of public school groups plan hearings on teacher pay, other issues, The Advocate (Louisiana), February 19, 2019

Housing voucher program eyed to help teacher retention, recruitment, West Hawaii Today, February 19, 2019

After years of inaction, Delta teacher shortage reaches ‘crisis’ levels, Mississippi Today, February 18, 2019

Middle Georgia Teacher Job Fair Looks To Hire 200 Teachers, WMGT, February 18, 2019

Albemarle County, Charlottesville Working to Attract More Teachers, WVIR (Virginia), February 18, 2019

‘Urgent’ need for more qualified teachers in New Orleans metro area, experts say, The Advocate (Louisiana), February 17, 2019

Nevada State College expands campus in midst of teacher pipeline problem, Nevada Independent, February 17, 2019

Staff Shortages Challenge Special-Ed Programs, Daily Inter Lake (Montana), February 17, 2019

‘Growing our own teachers’: How Minidoka schools are helping new teachers, Twin Falls Times-News (Idaho), February 16, 2019

New retirement plan blamed for teacher shortage in Alabama, WBRC, February 15, 2019

Glenville State College aims to impact Wood County teacher shortages, Parkersburg News and Sentinel (West Virginia), February 15, 2019

Report: Tennessee’s teacher prep programs are doing a better job, but graduating fewer educators, Chalkbeat Tennessee, February 15, 2109

Applications available for Mississippi Teacher Residency, WDAM, February 15, 2019

Will larger bonuses cure Florida’s teacher shortage?, Florida Trend, February 14, 2019

How The Pittsburgh Public School District Is Trying To Create A Diverse Teacher Pipeline, WESA (Pennsylvania), February 14, 2019

Utica College Offers Program to Ease Teacher Shortage, Helping Local Districts In Need, WKTV (New York), February 13, 2019

Waynesboro schools discussing what to cut to pay for raises, Daily Progress (West Virginia), February 13, 2019

UNC’s Answer to the Teacher Shortage: Future Teacher Conference Bigger than Ever, University of Northern Colorado News, February 12, 2019

Supers: Teacher shortage is real, Star-News (Alabama), February 12, 2019

A Holcomb-appointed Indiana teacher pay panel lacks teachers, though one will advise it., Indianapolis Star, February 12, 2019

Two Coast school districts participating in state program to educate, train teachers, WLOX (Mississippi), February 12, 2019

Report: Approximately 30K Oklahoma educators left profession over past six years, KFOR, February 12, 2019

CSU Campuses Receive $17M to Train Special Education Teachers, Newswise (California), February 12, 2019

Hillsborough gets ready to beef up teacher recruitment, Tampa Bay Times (Florida), February 11, 2019

Lowcountry teachers express dire need for increases in pay, school funding, WCIV (South Carolina), February 11, 2019

Mixed local reviews for Gov. Tom Wolf’s teachers salary proposal, The Intelligencer (Pennsylvania), February 11, 2019

DD2 hosting a meeting for education reform, WCBD (South Carolina), February 11, 2019

Proposal Would Give Experienced Arizona Teachers A College Tuition Discount, KJZZ (Arizona), February 11, 2019

Scholarships, grants and mentoring seen as ways to recruit and retain more teachers of color, Pioneer Press (Minnesota), February 11, 2019

Why do rural schools struggle to recruit, keep teachers?, Durango Herald (Colorado), February 10, 2019

Denver teachers strike: Day 1, 9News.com (Colorado), February 10, 2019

JPS job fair looking to keep schools on the right track, WLBT (Mississippi), February 9, 2019

Wisconsin educators look to retain teachers amid shortage, WSAW, February 9, 2019

Alabama’s Teacher Shortages Reach ‘Crisis’ Level, WBHM, February 8, 2019

Education advocates seek hope for reform, Payson Roundup (Arizona), February 8, 2019

Report shows Illinois schools struggle to find special education teachers, Illinois News Network, February 8, 2019

Gov. Ron DeSantis unveils teacher bonus, recruitment proposals, WFTV (Florida), February 7, 2019

Think Tank Held to Brainstorm Ways to Overcome Teacher Shortage, OzarksFirst.com (Missouri), February 7, 2019

Minnesota doesn’t have enough substitute teachers — and it’s hitting hard in local schools, Saint Cloud Times, February 7, 2019

Teacher shortage ‘massive,’ state superintendent says, Anniston Star (Alabama), February 6, 2019

Mississippi School Districts Face Problems With Low Pay, Teacher Shortages, WCBI, February 6, 2019

Amid shortage, partnership aims to retain new special ed teachers, Albuquerque Journal (New Mexico), February 6, 2019

Florida education news: Financial literacy, teacher shortage, school closings and more, Tampa Bay Times, February 6, 2019

Need for Special Ed Teachers Stands Out in Ongoing General Shortage, Arizona Public Media, February 6, 2019

North Dakota legislators introduce bills to alleviate teacher shortage, Bismarck Tribune, February 5, 2019

Teacher shortages still hitting the Badger State, WAOW (Wisconsin), February 5, 2019

Senate committee votes to increase statewide teacher minimum wage, Effingham Daily News (Illinois), February 5, 2019

Why Are Fewer Wisconsin Students Studying To Become Teachers?, Wisconsin Public Radio, February 5, 2019

Audit of Volusia openings reveals more teacher vacancies, Daytona Beach News-Journal (Florida), February 5, 2019

Montana’s ‘last resort’ for finding teachers is becoming increasingly common in rural schools, Ravalli Republic, February 4, 2019

CHS’s education pathway aims to reduce teacher shortage, Daily Tribune News (Georgia), February 4, 2019

N.C. teacher shortage hurts ABSS’ most vulnerable schools, Times-News (North Carolina), February 3, 2019

Teacher shortage reaches Kern County school districts, KBAK (California), February 1, 2019

Bill proposes $1,000 increase in Mississippi teacher pay, WJTV, February 1, 2019

Dunleavy’s proposed cut to education funding would cut more than $400,000 to Bristol Bay schools, KDLG (Alaska), February 1, 2019

Number of Louisiana students in classrooms with uncertified teachers disputed throughout state, The Advocate, February 1, 2019

State Leaders Face Dilemma in Addressing Class Sizes, Oklahoma Watch, February 1, 2019

Rhode Island College answers the call for teacher shortage, Providence Journal, January 31, 2019

Training the next generation of special education teachers, UC Riverside News (California), January 31, 2019

New education commissioner works to address Florida’s teacher shortage, WFTV, January 31, 2019

#MSLEG: MS teacher shortage: What to know, Clarion Ledger (Mississippi), January 31, 2019

How the military is hoping to help Alabama’s teacher shortage, Montgomery Advertiser, January 30, 2019

San Lorenzo Valley Unified School District is addressing a teacher shortage in the area, KSBW (California), January 30, 2019

With salary at forefront, local teachers take to Capitol streets for Red4Ed movement, YourGV.com (Virginia), January 29, 2019

Florida Teacher Shortage Continues As More Than 2,000 Classrooms Still Lack Certified Teachers, WMFE, January 29, 2019

‘Truly A Crisis’: Teachers Say Pay Only One Part Of Addressing State Shortage, WFYI (Indiana), January 29, 2019

NYSUT summit on looming teacher shortage held at Kenmore Middle, Ken-Ton Bee (New York), January 29, 2019

School districts in Tucson look to recruit teachers, KOLD (Arizona), January 29, 2019

SC teachers frustrated by push to fix K-12 schools without their ideas, The State (South Carolina), January 29, 2019

My Turn: Liz Goldberg: Teacher absences hurt students, Providence Journal (Rhode Island), January 29, 2019

Indiana teacher pay is lower than every neighboring state. Here’s how much it would take to fix that., Indianapolis Star, January 29, 2019

Teacher shortage in NYS, WUTR (New York), January 28, 2019

Virginia teachers protest low pay at Capitol rally, Winchester Star, January 28, 2019

Don’t call it a walkout. Why SC teachers will be at the State House Tuesday, The State (South Carolina), January 28, 2019

Districts try new approaches to cover absent teachers, Sun-Gazette (New Jersey), January 27, 2019

Ybarra pitches 8 percent school funding boost, with salaries topping list, Idaho State Journal, January 26, 2019

Long Island school districts on the lookout for substitute teachers, Newsday (New York), January 26, 2019

Colorado Senate Looking at Rural Teacher Shortage, Pagosa Daily Post, January 25, 2019

Trustees consider vacant campus for teacher housing, Press Banner (California), January 25, 2019

How Can the Possible Teacher Shortage Be Fixed?, Spectrum Local News (New York), January 25, 2019

Idaho facing teacher shortage; largest requested ed increases are for salaries, Idaho Press, January 24, 2019

Editorial: Bills aim to relieve teacher shortage, Herald-Tribune (Florida), January 24, 2019

Greencastle-Antrim School Board considers raising substitute teacher pay to address shortage, Herald-Mail Media (Pennsylvania), January 24, 2019

Give CPS teachers the right to live outside Chicago, Chicago Sun-Times (Illinois), January 24, 2019

Program helps students who want to become Kentucky teachers pay for college, WYMT, January 24, 2019