What's the Cost of Teacher Turnover?

High teacher turnover—or churn—undermines student achievement and consumes valuable staff time and resources. It also contributes to teacher shortages throughout the country, as roughly 6 of 10 new teachers hired each year are replacing colleagues who left the classroom before retirement. Research shows that urban districts can, on average, spend more than $20,000 on each new hire, including school and district expenses related to separation, recruitment, hiring, and training. These investments don’t pay their full dividend when teachers leave within 1 or 2 years after being hired. Turnover rates vary by school and district, with those in rural and urban settings or that serve high percentages of student in poverty experiencing the highest rates. Use this tool to estimate the cost of teacher turnover in your school or district and to inform a local conversation about how to attract, support, and retain a high-quality teacher workforce. High-leverage strategies are highlighted below.


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The Role of Principals in Addressing Teacher Shortages
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
The Role of Principals in Addressing Teacher Shortages
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Resource description

This brief summarizes research on the important role that principals can play in reducing the steady churn of teachers and highlights actions states and districts can take to strengthen school leadership.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Investing in Effective School Leadership: How States Are Taking Advantage of Opportunities Under ESSA
Jun 13, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Danny Espinoza, Jessica Cardichon
Investing in Effective School Leadership: How States Are Taking Advantage of Opportunities Under ESSA
Jun 13, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Danny Espinoza, Jessica Cardichon
Resource description

This brief summarizes the evidence about the importance of principals, describes research-based practices in leadership development, and outlines promising, evidence-based investments in state plans submitted under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Anne Podolsky, Danny Espinoza
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Anne Podolsky, Danny Espinoza
Resource description

This report analyzes the research on quality preparation and professional development programs for principals, highlighting examples of effective programs and providing guidance for policymakers.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Anne Podolsky, Danny Espinoza
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Anne Podolsky, Danny Espinoza
Resource description

This fact sheet summarizes the elements of high-quality principal preparation that are associated with positive school outcomes, and describes programs shown to produce effective principals.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
How High-Quality Principal Preparation and Development Pays Off for Students, Schools, and States
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Infographic, Research
How High-Quality Principal Preparation and Development Pays Off for Students, Schools, and States
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Infographic, Research
Resource description

This infographic illustrates how high-quality principal preparation and development benefits students, schools, and states.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Jun 19, 2017
Resource type:
Social Media Tools
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Jun 19, 2017
Resource type:
Social Media Tools
Resource description

These shareable graphics illustrate why effective principals matter, what they do, and programs for developing them.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Go To Page
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Jun 19, 2017
Resource type:
Social Media Tools
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Jun 19, 2017
Resource type:
Social Media Tools
Resource description

Sample Tweets and Facebook posts highlighting the ways principals’ professional development can help solve teacher shortages.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Go To Page
Does Teaching Experience Increase Teacher Effectiveness?
Jun 3, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Tara Kini, Anne Podolsky
Does Teaching Experience Increase Teacher Effectiveness?
Jun 3, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Tara Kini, Anne Podolsky
Resource description

This review of research finds that teaching experience is, on average, positively associated with student achievement gains throughout a teacher’s career, especially in collaborative school environments.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Does Teaching Experience Increase Teacher Effectiveness?
Jun 3, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Tara Kini, Anne Podolsky
Does Teaching Experience Increase Teacher Effectiveness?
Jun 3, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Tara Kini, Anne Podolsky
Resource description

This brief summarizes the key findings from a critical review of the relevant research to determine whether teachers, on average, improve in their effectiveness as they gain experience in the teaching profession.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
How Investing in Teacher and Leader Professional Development Can Support Student Success
Aug 28, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner
How Investing in Teacher and Leader Professional Development Can Support Student Success
Aug 28, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner
Resource description

These slides highlight findings from a longer report showing that teachers’ professional development improves students’ academic outcomes. The Learning Policy Institute reviewed 35 methodologically rigorous studies and identified seven key common elements of effective professional development, which states and districts can use to design effective professional learning programs.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Minority Teacher Recruitment, Employment, and Retention: 1987-2013
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Richard Ingersoll, Henry May
Minority Teacher Recruitment, Employment, and Retention: 1987-2013
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Richard Ingersoll, Henry May
Resource description

This brief summarizes the results of a study of the recruitment, employment, and retention of minority k-12 teachers, examining the extent and sources of the minority teacher shortage and offering evidence-based solutions.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
The Teacher Residency: An Innovative Model for Preparing Teachers
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Roneeta Guha, Maria E. Hyler, Linda Darling-Hammond
The Teacher Residency: An Innovative Model for Preparing Teachers
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Roneeta Guha, Maria E. Hyler, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This report details the features of teacher residency programs—an innovative approach to recruiting and retaining high-quality teachers for hard-to-staff schools.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
Teacher Residencies: Building a High-Quality, Sustainable Workforce
Jan 19, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Roneeta Guha, Tara Kini
Teacher Residencies: Building a High-Quality, Sustainable Workforce
Jan 19, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Roneeta Guha, Tara Kini
Resource description

This brief summarizes the features of teacher residency programs—an innovative approach to recruiting and retaining high-quality teachers for hard-to-staff schools.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
Legislative Principles: Designing a State-Level Teacher Residency Program
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Legislative Principles
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Legislative Principles: Designing a State-Level Teacher Residency Program
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Legislative Principles
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

This document outlines evidence-based principles that should be included in legislation regarding state-level teacher residency programs.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
Teacher Residencies in California
Jan 19, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Teacher Residencies in California
Jan 19, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Resource description

This brief describes how teacher residency programs in California help meet critical hiring needs in both urban and rural areas.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
Effective Teacher Professional Development Promotes Powerful Learning
Aug 14, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Linda D. Friedrich
Effective Teacher Professional Development Promotes Powerful Learning
Aug 14, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Linda D. Friedrich
Resource description

This blog, by Linda Friedrich of the National Writing Project, describes how this successful program supports teacher professional development and provides leadership opportunities.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Go To Page
California must do much more to invest in a strong teacher workforce
May 31, 2017
Resource type:
Op-Ed, Research
Author:
David Rattray
California must do much more to invest in a strong teacher workforce
May 31, 2017
Resource type:
Op-Ed, Research
Author:
David Rattray
Resource description

This commentary piece makes the “business case” for evidence-based solutions to ending the teacher shortage because teachers are critical to school and student success.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Go To Page
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner, Danny Espinoza
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner, Danny Espinoza
Resource description

This report details key components of effective teacher professional development and offers rich descriptions of model programs to inform education leaders and policymakers seeking to leverage professional development to improve student learning.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner, Danny Espinoza
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner, Danny Espinoza
Resource description

This brief outlines key components of effective teacher professional development and offers rich descriptions of model programs to inform education leaders and policymakers seeking to leverage professional development to improve student learning.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner, Danny Espinoza
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner, Danny Espinoza
Resource description

This fact sheet describes the features of effective teacher professional development and evidence demonstrating positive link between teacher professional development, teaching practices, and student outcomes.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Webinar
Author:
Cade Brumley, Michelle Dickey, Madelyn Gardner, Maria E. Hyler, Kasandra Nelson
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Webinar
Author:
Cade Brumley, Michelle Dickey, Madelyn Gardner, Maria E. Hyler, Kasandra Nelson
Resource description

This webinar shares findings from a review of studies that demonstrate a positive link between teacher professional development, teaching practices, and student outcomes.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Go To Page
Differences in Performance Within Schools: Why So Much Greater Than in Other Countries?
Sep 8, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Marc Tucker
Differences in Performance Within Schools: Why So Much Greater Than in Other Countries?
Sep 8, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Marc Tucker
Resource description

This blog discusses how expectations for students and the way schools are organized largely explain why U.S. students vary in performance within the same schools more than their peers in other countries. School organization includes teaching conditions, and support for new teachers.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Go To Page
Uncertified Teachers and Teacher Vacancies By State
Nov 9, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Table
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Leib Sutcher
Uncertified Teachers and Teacher Vacancies By State
Nov 9, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Table
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Leib Sutcher
Resource description

This table lists the number of uncertified teachers and teacher vacancies for every state for which there is teacher workforce data. It uses the most recent single year of data for each state—either 2015–16 or 2016–17—and includes descriptions that give a state-specific explanation of the information and a link to the data source.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Go To Page
To judge teacher effectiveness parents must look at the whole school
Sep 6, 2017
Resource type:
Op-Ed
Author:
Tara Kini
To judge teacher effectiveness parents must look at the whole school
Sep 6, 2017
Resource type:
Op-Ed
Author:
Tara Kini
Resource description

This commentary piece explains to policymakers and parents the supports necessary to ensure that teachers can be effective.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Go To Page
Service Scholarships and Forgivable Loans: Investing in Excellent Teachers for America’s Students
May 31, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky
Service Scholarships and Forgivable Loans: Investing in Excellent Teachers for America’s Students
May 31, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky
Resource description

This blog describes how service scholarships and forgivable loans can be important elements in a comprehensive strategy to recruit and retain excellent educators.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Go To Page
Legislative Principles: Designing State Loan Forgiveness and Service Scholarship Programs
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Legislative Principles
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Legislative Principles: Designing State Loan Forgiveness and Service Scholarship Programs
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Legislative Principles
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

This document outlines evidence-based principles that should be included in legislation regarding state loan forgiveness and service scholarship programs.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Print
How Effective Are Loan Forgiveness and Service Scholarships for Recruiting Teachers?
Apr 26, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini
How Effective Are Loan Forgiveness and Service Scholarships for Recruiting Teachers?
Apr 26, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini
Resource description

This brief reviews the evidence that supports using student loan forgiveness and service scholarships to recruit and retain high-quality teachers to the subjects and communities where they are most needed.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Print
Understanding teacher layoffs during times of teacher shortages
Mar 23, 2017
Resource type:
Op-Ed
Author:
Patrick M. Shields, Roberta Furger
Understanding teacher layoffs during times of teacher shortages
Mar 23, 2017
Resource type:
Op-Ed
Author:
Patrick M. Shields, Roberta Furger
Resource description

This commentary piece explains the apparent contradiction when teachers are being laid off during a reported statewide teacher shortage and suggests evidence-based policies to address the shortage.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Go To Page
Diversifying the Teaching Profession: How to Recruit and Retain Teachers of Color
Apr 19, 2018
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas
Diversifying the Teaching Profession: How to Recruit and Retain Teachers of Color
Apr 19, 2018
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas
Resource description

This report examines national data and recent research on the barriers teachers of color face entering and staying in the profession. It includes recommendations to increase teacher workforce diversity.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Diversifying the Teaching Profession Through High-Retention Pathways
Apr 19, 2018
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas
Diversifying the Teaching Profession Through High-Retention Pathways
Apr 19, 2018
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas
Resource description

This brief examines national data and recent research on the barriers teachers of color face entering and staying in the profession. It includes recommendations to increase teacher workforce diversity.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
The Special Education Teacher Crisis: Who’s Teaching Our Most Vulnerable Students?
May 16, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas
The Special Education Teacher Crisis: Who’s Teaching Our Most Vulnerable Students?
May 16, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas
Resource description

This blog highlights programs and state-level strategies to attract, prepare, and retain enough special education teachers to meet school and district needs.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Go To Page
California Teacher Workforce Trends Signal Worsening Shortages
Feb 8, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
California Teacher Workforce Trends Signal Worsening Shortages
Feb 8, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This brief describes how the teacher shortage in California has worsened, with severe consequences for special education, math, science, and bilingual education. It includes recommendations for state-level policies that would provide near-term solutions for strengthening the teacher pipeline.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Linda Darling-Hammond, Desiree Carver-Thomas
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Linda Darling-Hammond, Desiree Carver-Thomas
Resource description

This report analyzes evidence of teacher shortages, looks at national and regional trends in teacher supply and demand, and investigates policy strategies that might mitigate these effects based on research about effective approaches to recruitment and retention.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Perkins Reauthorization: An Opportunity to Address Career and Technical Education Teacher Shortages
May 23, 2017
Resource type:
Blog
Author:
Jessica Cardichon
Perkins Reauthorization: An Opportunity to Address Career and Technical Education Teacher Shortages
May 23, 2017
Resource type:
Blog
Author:
Jessica Cardichon
Resource description

This blog describes how, through reauthorizing the Perkins Act, Congress can address shortages of career and technical education teachers and strengthen CTE programs in schools around the country.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Go To Page
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Linda Darling-Hammond, Desiree Carver-Thomas
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Linda Darling-Hammond, Desiree Carver-Thomas
Resource description

This brief summarizes the evidence on teacher shortages in the U.S., including shortages in specific fields and national and regional trends in teacher supply and demand, and describes local, state, and federal policies to support the recruitment and retention of a quality teacher workforce.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Taking the Long View: State Efforts to Solve Teacher Shortages by Strengthening the Profession
Aug 29, 2018
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Danny Espinoza, Ryan Saunders, Tara Kini, Linda Darling-Hammond
Taking the Long View: State Efforts to Solve Teacher Shortages by Strengthening the Profession
Aug 29, 2018
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Danny Espinoza, Ryan Saunders, Tara Kini, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This report focuses on six evidence-based policies states are pursuing to address teacher shortages, identifying 40 states that have implemented the policies, and provides a close look at Washington State’s comprehensive approach.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Linda Darling-Hammond, Desiree Carver-Thomas
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Linda Darling-Hammond, Desiree Carver-Thomas
Resource description

These slides present the evidence for the teacher shortage, as well as national and regional trends in teacher supply and demand.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
What’s the Cost of Teacher Turnover?
Sep 12, 2017
Resource type:
Interactive Tool
What’s the Cost of Teacher Turnover?
Sep 12, 2017
Resource type:
Interactive Tool
Resource description

This interactive tool allows users to estimate the cost of teacher turnover in schools and districts around the country and provides recommendations for evidence-based policies to reduce turnover.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
Speaking of Salaries: What It Will Take to Get Qualified, Effective Teachers in All Communities
May 20, 2011
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Frank Adamson, Linda Darling-Hammond
Speaking of Salaries: What It Will Take to Get Qualified, Effective Teachers in All Communities
May 20, 2011
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Frank Adamson, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This research report examines how and why teacher quality is so inequitably distributed and the impact of that distribution on student achievement. The authors discuss successful strategies for recruiting qualified and effective teachers to high-need schools, and the implications for federal policy to resolve the issue.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
Why Do Teachers Leave?
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Infographic, Research
Why Do Teachers Leave?
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Infographic, Research
Resource description

This infographic illustrates the reasons teachers leave their classrooms and presents evidence-based policies that can slow the teacher exodus.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Solving the Teacher Shortage: How to Attract and Retain Excellent Educators
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Solving the Teacher Shortage: How to Attract and Retain Excellent Educators
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This report reviews an extensive body of research on teacher recruitment and retention, identifies key factors that influence decisions to enter, stay in, or leave the profession, and offers evidence-based recommendations for local, state, and federal policymakers.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Solving the Teacher Shortage: How to Attract and Retain Excellent Educators
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Solving the Teacher Shortage: How to Attract and Retain Excellent Educators
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This brief summarizes research on teacher recruitment and retention, identifies key factors that influence decisions to enter, stay in, or leave the profession, and offers evidence-based recommendations for policymakers.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Understanding Teacher Shortages: A State-by-State Analysis of the Factors Influencing Teacher Supply, Demand, and Equity
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Interactive Tool, Research
Understanding Teacher Shortages: A State-by-State Analysis of the Factors Influencing Teacher Supply, Demand, and Equity
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Interactive Tool, Research
Resource description

This interactive tool provides state-specific data that allows you to explore the factors that contribute to the teacher shortage and its consequences in each state.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
State Policymakers Respond to Teacher Shortages
Apr 26, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Tara Kini
State Policymakers Respond to Teacher Shortages
Apr 26, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Tara Kini
Resource description

This blog describes a range of policies states have implemented to solve teacher shortages.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
Teacher Turnover: Why It Matters and What We Can Do About It
Aug 16, 2017
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Teacher Turnover: Why It Matters and What We Can Do About It
Aug 16, 2017
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This report uses data from a nationally representative survey of U.S. teachers to investigate how turnover trends vary across teachers and schools and identifies evidence-based policies to retain high quality teachers.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Teacher Turnover: Why It Matters and What We Can Do About It
Aug 16. 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Teacher Turnover: Why It Matters and What We Can Do About It
Aug 16. 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This brief summarizes trends in and causes of teacher turnover, and describes evidence-based policies to address high rates of teacher turnover.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Teacher Turnover: Why It Matters and What We Can Do About It
Sep 19, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Teacher Turnover: Why It Matters and What We Can Do About It
Sep 19, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

These slides describe the causes of teacher turnover and present recommendations for reducing that turnover and retaining teachers.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Addressing the Teacher Shortage: What Districts Can Do
Nov 30, 2016
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Addressing the Teacher Shortage: What Districts Can Do
Nov 30, 2016
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This fact sheet, based on a comprehensive review of the research on teacher recruitment and retention policies, identifies district policies that can ease shortages, while also prioritizing student learning and a strong teacher workforce.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Addressing the Teacher Shortage: What States Can Do
Oct 26, 2016
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Addressing the Teacher Shortage: What States Can Do
Oct 26, 2016
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This fact sheet, based on a comprehensive review of the research on teacher recruitment and retention policies, identifies state policies that can ease shortages, while also prioritizing student learning and a strong teacher workforce.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Strategies for Recruiting and Retaining a Diverse, High-Quality Teacher Workforce
Apr 2017
Resource type:
Article, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Kristin Grayson
Strategies for Recruiting and Retaining a Diverse, High-Quality Teacher Workforce
Apr 2017
Resource type:
Article, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Kristin Grayson
Resource description

This article reviews the research on the benefits of a diverse teaching workforce, describes evidence-based strategies for recruiting and retaining teachers of color.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
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Building a Strong, Sustainable Teacher Workforce
Oct 26, 2016
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond
Building a Strong, Sustainable Teacher Workforce
Oct 26, 2016
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

These slides feature evidence-based policies and practices to recruit and retain high-quality teachers, especially in hard-to-staff subjects, schools, and regions.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Talking Points: Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Talking Points: Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These talking points will help you advance key arguments for policies designed to improve teaching conditions and create supportive leadership with a variety of audiences, including policymakers and nonexperts.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
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Building a Strong, Sustainable Teacher Workforce
Oct 26, 2016
Resource type:
Research, Webinar
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Robert Behning, Melody Schopp
Building a Strong, Sustainable Teacher Workforce
Oct 26, 2016
Resource type:
Research, Webinar
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Robert Behning, Melody Schopp
Resource description

This webinar focuses on evidence-based policies and practices to recruit and retain high-quality teachers, especially in hard-to-staff subjects, schools, and regions.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
Talking Points: Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Talking Points: Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These talking points will equip you to articulate key arguments for policies that promote effective training and support for new teachers with a variety of audiences, including policymakers and nonexperts.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
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Solving the teacher shortage: Revisiting the lessons we’ve learned
May 1, 2017
Resource type:
Article, Research
Author:
Barnett Berry, Patrick M. Shields
Solving the teacher shortage: Revisiting the lessons we’ve learned
May 1, 2017
Resource type:
Article, Research
Author:
Barnett Berry, Patrick M. Shields
Resource description

This article describes the successful efforts of California and North Carolina in the 1990’s to strengthen the profession and build coherent systems of teacher development through policy solutions to teacher shortages. The article also describes how those efforts were dismantled and the impact of that dismantling.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Competitive Compensation
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Q&A: Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Q&A: Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These sample questions and answers will help you answer the tough questions you’re likely to face when advocating for policies that support e ective training and support for new teachers.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
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Q&A: Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Q&A: Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These sample questions and answers will help you answer the tough questions you’re likely to face when advocating for policies that would improve teaching conditions and produce supportive leaders in schools across the country.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
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Sticky Schools: How to find and keep teachers in the classroom
May 1, 2017
Resource type:
Article, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Sticky Schools: How to find and keep teachers in the classroom
May 1, 2017
Resource type:
Article, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This article reviews five proven strategies for improving teacher recruitment, performance, and retention.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Solving Teacher Shortages: Blog Series
Apr 26, 2017
Resource type:
Blog
Author:
Multiple authors
Solving Teacher Shortages: Blog Series
Apr 26, 2017
Resource type:
Blog
Author:
Multiple authors
Resource description

A series of blog posts highlighting innovative, evidence-based initiatives and policies for building a strong and stable teacher workforce.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
Empowered Educators: How High-Performing Systems Shape Teaching Quality Around the World
Jun 6, 2017
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Empowered Educators: How High-Performing Systems Shape Teaching Quality Around the World
Jun 6, 2017
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Resource description

This fact sheet summarizes how other countries have redesigned their education systems–including systems for recruiting, preparing, supporting, and compensating teachers–for higher performance and greater equity.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Q&A: Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Q&A: Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These sample questions and answers will help you answer the tough questions you’re likely to face when advocating for policies that establish service scholarships and student loan forgiveness.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Print
Talking Points: Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Talking Points: Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These talking points will help you advance key arguments for service scholarships and student loan forgiveness with a variety of audiences, including policymakers and nonexperts.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
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Where Have All the Teachers Gone?
Sep 18, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond
Where Have All the Teachers Gone?
Sep 18, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This blog post describes the extent and impact of current teacher shortages and suggests evidence-based solutions to address them.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
Talking Points: Competitive Compensation
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Talking Points: Competitive Compensation
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These talking points will help you advance key arguments for competitive compensation policies to a variety of audiences, including policymakers and nonexperts.


Related policy solutions
Competitive Compensation
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Q&A: Competitive Compensation
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Q&A: Competitive Compensation
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These sample questions and answers will help you answer the tough questions you’re likely to face when advocating for policies that support competitive compensation.


Related policy solutions
Competitive Compensation
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