What's the Cost of Teacher Turnover?

High teacher turnover—or churn—undermines student achievement and consumes valuable staff time and resources. It also contributes to teacher shortages throughout the country, as roughly 6 of 10 new teachers hired each year are replacing colleagues who left the classroom before retirement. Research shows that urban districts can, on average, spend more than $20,000 on each new hire, including school and district expenses related to separation, recruitment, hiring, and training. These investments don’t pay their full dividend when teachers leave within 1 or 2 years after being hired. Turnover rates vary by school and district, with those in rural and urban settings or that serve high percentages of student in poverty experiencing the highest rates. Use this tool to estimate the cost of teacher turnover in your school or district and to inform a local conversation about how to attract, support, and retain a high-quality teacher workforce. High-leverage strategies are highlighted below.


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Preparing and Retaining Effective Special Education Teachers: Short-Term Strategies for Long-Term Solutions
Resource type:
Brief
Preparing and Retaining Effective Special Education Teachers: Short-Term Strategies for Long-Term Solutions
Resource type:
Brief
Resource description

Many states struggle with shortages of special education teachers (SET). To address the shortage problem in the long term, policymakers, preparation providers, and state and district administrators must ensure that any short-term strategies are combined with a comprehensive plan that includes long-term systemic strategies to strengthen the supply, preparation, and retention of special education teachers.


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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The first year of teaching is notoriously tough. Denver is experimenting with a new approach.
Resource type:
Article
The first year of teaching is notoriously tough. Denver is experimenting with a new approach.
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

Denver Public Schools has launched a small pilot that is part of a new district strategy to better prepare new teachers to work in Denver’s many high-poverty schools, which tend to hire more novices. The students in those schools are more likely to be behind academically and in need of top-notch teachers.  In this pilot, DPS will have six “associate teachers” who will teach part-time in a high-poverty school and spend the rest of their time planning, observing, and learning.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
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CCSD hires 105 special education teachers from the Philippines to address shortage
Resource type:
Video
CCSD hires 105 special education teachers from the Philippines to address shortage
Resource type:
Video
Resource description

The Clark County School District is once again bringing in special education teachers from the Philippines to address shortages


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Paterson’s special education hiring efforts plagued by problems
Resource type:
Video
Paterson’s special education hiring efforts plagued by problems
Resource type:
Video
Resource description

Low salaries, safety concerns, union issues and a shortage of applicants have undermined the city school district’s efforts to provide hundreds of Paterson children in special education with therapy services for which they have been waiting for almost a year.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
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Special Education Teacher Shortage in Central GA
Resource type:
Video
Special Education Teacher Shortage in Central GA
Resource type:
Video
Resource description

Special education teacher shortage in central GA


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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North Las Vegas School Asks Special Education Students to Stay Home
Resource type:
Video
North Las Vegas School Asks Special Education Students to Stay Home
Resource type:
Video
Resource description

Several parents at Elizondo Elementary School received last-minute phone calls from their children’s school asking them to keep their students out of school due to a staffing shortage in special education classrooms.


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Maine Schools Face Special Education Teacher Shortage
Resource type:
Video
Maine Schools Face Special Education Teacher Shortage
Resource type:
Video
Resource description

As students head back to the classroom, many Maine school districts are dealing with a special education teacher shortage.


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Teacher shortage predicted to worsen
Resource type:
Article
Teacher shortage predicted to worsen
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

In order to reduce the number of teaching vacancies that currently exist, Mercer County Schools has an Alternative Certification for Teachers program in collaboration with Marshall University and Concord University that would allow someone who has a four-year degree in an area other than teaching to be hired in a teaching position for a subject experiencing shortages.


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Texas expects thousands more special education students. But where are the teachers?
Resource type:
Article
Texas expects thousands more special education students. But where are the teachers?
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

Thousands of additional children will soon be eligible for special education services after state officials eliminated an illegal cap that artificially tamped down Texas special education rolls for a decade. But even if the state fully funds the estimated $3 billion cost of providing that extra instruction, educators say one big question remains: Where will schools find up to 9,000 new special education teachers?


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Editorial: It’s deja vu all over again with special ed teacher shortage
Resource type:
Op-Ed
Editorial: It’s deja vu all over again with special ed teacher shortage
Resource type:
Op-Ed
Resource description

Chicago Public Schools has more than 700 unfilled jobs for special ed teachers, classroom aides and clinicians. It’s trying to fill the gap by waiving the city residency requirement to hire teachers in special education and other “hard-to-staff” areas; by launching a teacher residency program with a New York-based graduate program; and by starting an early hire program that offers jobs to education students who commit to teaching in “high-needs” areas.


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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High school teacher shortage forcing schools to go digital
Resource type:
Article
High school teacher shortage forcing schools to go digital
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

Teacher shortages across the country are getting so dire that they’re forcing some school districts to live stream lessons, replacing educators in many classrooms. According to The Wall Street Journal, tens of thousands of high school students nationwide are now getting lessons taught by a remote teacher to occupy many hard-to-fill positions in areas like science, math and special education.


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Teacher Shortage More Nuanced Than People Think
Resource type:
Article
Teacher Shortage More Nuanced Than People Think
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

This report says that the nationwide teacher shortage is much more nuanced than typically reported. One nuance is that the number of teacher graduates is growing. A nationwide study cited within the NCTQ’s report shows that there were over 3.8 million public school teachers in 2015-16 — an increase of some 400,000, or 13 percent, over the previous four years. Yet only about half of these graduates fill a teaching job on any given year. 


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Teacher shortages worsening in majority of US states, study reveals
Resource type:
Article
Teacher shortages worsening in majority of US states, study reveals
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

This study found that of the 41 states that did respond to the survey, 28 say they are experiencing teacher shortages. Of those 28, 15 say teacher shortages have increased in the last year. Of the nine states that didn’t respond to the survey, public data suggests another eight are experiencing teacher shortages.


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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California’s persistent teacher shortage fueled by attrition, high demand, say newly released studies
Resource type:
Article
California’s persistent teacher shortage fueled by attrition, high demand, say newly released studies
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

California has earmarked nearly $200 million over the last four years to address the state’s persistent teacher shortage, but it is not enough, according to new studies that are part of “Getting Down to Facts II,” a research project focused on a wide array of statewide education issues. The teacher shortage has worsened in recent years as state funding for education improved and districts began lowering class sizes and bringing back programs like summer school and the arts, which were frequently eliminated during the recession, increasing the need for more teachers.


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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‘Indiana’s war on teachers is winning’: Here’s what superintendents say is causing teacher shortages
Resource type:
Article
‘Indiana’s war on teachers is winning’: Here’s what superintendents say is causing teacher shortages
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

Out of the 220 districts that responded to the survey, 91 percent reported experiencing a teacher shortage, with most feeling the pinch in science, math, and special education. Eighty-five percent of the surveyed districts applied for emergency permits for people who don’t have teaching licenses, or educators who are hired to teach subjects outside their licensure.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Washington State Taps Paraeducators to Fill Special Education Teacher Shortage
Resource type:
Article
Washington State Taps Paraeducators to Fill Special Education Teacher Shortage
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

A new law passed in July aims to shrink the special education teacher shortage in Washington state by providing an easier path to teaching certification for paraeducators, also known as instructional aides or teacher assistants.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
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Schools Throughout the Country are Grappling with Teacher Shortage, Data Show
Resource type:
Article
Schools Throughout the Country are Grappling with Teacher Shortage, Data Show
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

Hundreds of districts across the country are grappling with a growing teacher shortage — especially in key areas such as math and special ed. Increasingly, teachers in areas like math and science are leaving for higher-paying private sector jobs after a few years. As a result, many teachers who remain are being asked to do more, and class sizes are growing. The two main reasons teachers are leaving are that they aren’t paid enough, and that teaching in the US is too demanding. The article cites some strategies for how to fix this nationwide shortage and retention issue.


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Solving The Special Ed Teacher Shortage: Quality, Not Quantity
Resource type:
Article
Solving The Special Ed Teacher Shortage: Quality, Not Quantity
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

All over the United States, schools are scrambling to find qualified special education teachers. That means schools must often settle for people who are under-certified and inexperienced. Special ed is tough, and those who aren’t ready for the challenge may not make it past the first year or two. Really good teacher preparation might be the difference. 


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
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Shortage of Special Educators Adds to Classroom Pressures
Resource type:
Article
Shortage of Special Educators Adds to Classroom Pressures
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

An analysis of federal data by the Education Week Research Center shows that while the number of special education teachers was dropping, the number of students with disabilities ages 6 to 21 declined by only about 1 percent over the same time period. And as a whole, the number of teachers in all fields has gone up slightly over the past decade, as has overall enrollment.


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Southern New Hampshire University Launches New Degree in Clinical Education
Resource type:
Article
Southern New Hampshire University Launches New Degree in Clinical Education
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

Southern New Hampshire University (SNHU) in Manchester launched its new clinical master’s degree program during the 2018-19 academic year. The program offers dual certification in elementary and special education or early childhood and early childhood special education. It is designed to prepare teacher candidates for certification and to ensure that new educators have the required skills, competencies, knowledge, and dispositions specifically needed to support the development and learning of students in elementary grades (K-8) and general special education (K-12).


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
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Examining Teacher Shortages and Surpluses to Improve Equitable Access to Effective Educators
Resource type:
Article
Examining Teacher Shortages and Surpluses to Improve Equitable Access to Effective Educators
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

Regional Educational Laboratory (REL) Midwest, in partnership with the Midwest Alliance to Improve Teacher Preparation (MAITP), is conducting a study to provide an in-depth picture of teacher shortages and surpluses in Michigan’s public schools. Using data from the 2012/13 to the 2017/18 school years, researchers will identify statewide trends in teacher shortages and surpluses and whether those trends vary by teacher certification area, region of the state, district locale, and teacher compensation levels.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Competitive Compensation
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Relationships Between Novice Teachers’ Social Resources and Workload Manageability
Resource type:
Research
Relationships Between Novice Teachers’ Social Resources and Workload Manageability
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

This study examines how school social resources contribute to novice special education and general education teachers’ perceptions of workload manageability


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
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Does Teacher Preparation Matter for Beginning Teachers in Either Special or General Education?
Resource type:
Research
Does Teacher Preparation Matter for Beginning Teachers in Either Special or General Education?
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

This study examines how extensive preparation in pedagogy and practice teaching contributed to the attainment of the two key NCLB indicators of a highly qualified teacher: full certification and in-field teaching.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
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Metasynthesis of Preservice Professional Preparation and Teacher Education Research Studies
Resource type:
Research
Metasynthesis of Preservice Professional Preparation and Teacher Education Research Studies
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

This study examines the relationships between 14 different types of preservice teacher preparation practices. Teaching quality, preschool to university student performance, and university student and beginning teacher belief appraisals are reported. Findings indicate that active university student and beginning teacher involvement in mastering the use of instructional practices and both knowledge and skill acquisition by far stood out as the most important preservice teacher preparation practices.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
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Metasynthesis of Inservice Professional Development Research: Features Associated with Positive Educator and Student Outcomes
Resource type:
Research
Metasynthesis of Inservice Professional Development Research: Features Associated with Positive Educator and Student Outcomes
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

Findings from a metasynthesis of 15 research reviews of inservice professional development to improve or change teacher content knowledge and practice and student/child knowledge and behavior are described.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
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Teacher Attrition in Special Education: Perspectives From the Field
Resource type:
Research
Teacher Attrition in Special Education: Perspectives From the Field
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

In this study, the authors conduct several Nominal Group Technique (NGT) focus groups to examine attrition and learn more about the perceived needs and roles of new special education teachers in three specific groups: preservice special education teachers, new special education teachers, and school administrators.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Special Education Teacher and Early Intervention Provider Shortages
Resource type:
Brief
Special Education Teacher and Early Intervention Provider Shortages
Resource type:
Brief
Resource description

The Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) provides recommendations to Congress for federal solutions to the shortage problem.


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Illinois Officials Zero in on Shortages of Special Education, Bilingual Teachers
Resource type:
Article
Illinois Officials Zero in on Shortages of Special Education, Bilingual Teachers
Resource type:
Article
Resource description

The Illinois State Board of Education recently released a report about the best ways to ease the state’s teacher shortage. State officials found that there is a statewide shortage of teachers. The need is acute for special education and bilingual educators in rural and poor school districts.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Competitive Compensation
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California Special Education Teacher Shortages Grow More Severe
Resource type:
Brief, Report
California Special Education Teacher Shortages Grow More Severe
Resource type:
Brief, Report
Resource description

California schools have had persistent difficulties filling special education vacancies, but in the past two years, these shortages have skyrocketed, as evidenced by the growth of substandard special education authorizations. When schools struggle to fill a position with a qualified teacher, they often hire teachers who are still in training or who hold emergency-type permits without training.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
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Would Higher Salaries Keep Teachers in High-Poverty Schools? Evidence from a Policy Intervention in North Carolina
Resource type:
Research
Would Higher Salaries Keep Teachers in High-Poverty Schools? Evidence from a Policy Intervention in North Carolina
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

For a three-year time period beginning in 2001, North Carolina awarded an annual bonus of $1800 to certified math, science and special education teachers working in public secondary schools with either high-poverty rates or low test scores. Using longitudinal data on teachers, this paper estimates hazard models that identify the impact of this differential pay by comparing turnover patterns before and after the program’s implementation, across eligible and ineligible categories of teachers, and across eligible and barely-ineligible schools.


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Competitive Compensation
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How Beginning Special and General Education Teachers Negotiate Role Expectations and Access Professional Resources
Resource type:
Research
How Beginning Special and General Education Teachers Negotiate Role Expectations and Access Professional Resources
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

This paper explores differences in the curricular, instructional, and role expectations experienced by beginning special and general education teachers. It also documents variations in how novices from both groups addressed expectations they encountered. The authors provide evidence that the instructional decisions and resources associated with positive induction experiences for the new special educators in this study seemed to differ from those associated with comparable experiences for the novice general educators. 


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Resource type:
Brief, Report
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Resource type:
Brief, Report
Resource description

This report analyzes evidence of teacher shortages, looks at national and regional trends in teacher supply and demand, and investigates policy strategies that might mitigate these effects based on research about effective approaches to recruitment and retention.


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Comparisons of Traditionally and Alternatively Trained Teachers
Resource type:
Research
Comparisons of Traditionally and Alternatively Trained Teachers
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

This paper present findings from a comparative study of 3 teacher preparation prototypes: traditional, university-district partnership, and district add-on programs.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
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Factors That Predict Teachers Staying in, Leaving, or Transferring from the Special Education Classroom
Resource type:
Research
Factors That Predict Teachers Staying in, Leaving, or Transferring from the Special Education Classroom
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

In this study, the authors randomly surveyed 1,576 Florida special education teachers to examine factors that contribute to their propensity to leave or stay in the special education classroom or transfer to a new school. The variables identified, based on extensive review of the literature, included background, classroom, school district, and personal factors. 


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
The Role of School-Based Colleagues in Shaping the Commitment of Novice Special and General Education Teachers
Resource type:
Research
The Role of School-Based Colleagues in Shaping the Commitment of Novice Special and General Education Teachers
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

This paper explores how colleague relationships are critical for the experiences of beginning teachers, as are the school organizational norms that these beginning teachers experience. For special education teachers in particular, perception of colleague support was a strong predictor of retention plans. Similar results were seen with respect to their perception of the level of collective responsibility among the faculty. Taken together, these results suggest that schools and districts should make efforts to facilitate productive relationships between general and special education faculty, as well as to differentiate induction support for beginning special educators.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
The Impact of Incentives to Recruit and Retain Teachers in “Hard-to-Staff” Subjects: An Analysis of the Florida Critical Teacher Shortage Program
Resource type:
Research
The Impact of Incentives to Recruit and Retain Teachers in “Hard-to-Staff” Subjects: An Analysis of the Florida Critical Teacher Shortage Program
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

This paper investigates the effects of the Florida Critical Teacher Shortage Program (FCTSP), a statewide program designed to increase the supply of teachers in “hard-to-staff” areas. FCTSP had three elements: (a) it provided loan forgiveness to teachers who were certified and taught in designated shortage areas; (b) it compensated teachers for the tuition cost of taking courses to become certified in a designated shortage area; and (c) for a single year, it gave bonuses to high school teachers who were certified and taught in a designated subject area. 


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Competitive Compensation
Print
What Makes Special-Education Teachers Special? Teacher Training and Achievement of Students with Disabilities
Resource type:
Research
What Makes Special-Education Teachers Special? Teacher Training and Achievement of Students with Disabilities
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

This paper examines the impact of pre‐service preparation and in‐service formal and informal training on the ability of teachers to promote academic achievement among students with disabilities. It finds that pre‐service preparation in special education has statistically significant and quantitatively substantial effects on the ability of teachers of special education courses to promote gains in achievement for students with disabilities, especially in reading.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
A Review of Teacher Induction in Special Education: Research, Practice, and Technology Solutions
Resource type:
Research
A Review of Teacher Induction in Special Education: Research, Practice, and Technology Solutions
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

This paper provides a comprehensive review of what is known about teacher induction in special education and outlines recommendations for the design of induction programs and further research.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
Working Conditions as Risk or Resiliency Factors for Teachers of Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disabilities
Resource type:
Research
Working Conditions as Risk or Resiliency Factors for Teachers of Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disabilities
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

This pilot study examined working conditions reported by special education teachers of students with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) to identify factors common to teachers likely to leave their positions within the next 2 years and factors common to those likely to stay.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Calling All Teachers: Flexing Your Advocacy Muscles to Address Teacher Shortages
Resource type:
Op-Ed
Calling All Teachers: Flexing Your Advocacy Muscles to Address Teacher Shortages
Resource type:
Op-Ed
Resource description

This op-ed explores why policy makers need to hear from teachers about how teacher shortages in schools and the quick fix remedies provided are affecting them, their students, and their school.

Reprinted with permission from https://mslbd.org/what-we-do/rethinking-behavior.html


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Competitive Compensation
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Quality Alternative Certification Programs in Special Education Ensure High Retention
Resource type:
Research
Quality Alternative Certification Programs in Special Education Ensure High Retention
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

Alternative certification is a viable means of recruiting, training, and certifying those who have a bachelor’s degree and a strong desire to enter the field of teaching. This cross-sectional study surveyed 124 California State University Alternative Route (Intern) program participants. Ten critical features located in three seminal studies framed the research conducted and provided quality features to enhance retention of teachers.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
Long Story Short: How Can We Alleviate the Shortage of Special Education Teachers?
Resource type:
Video
Long Story Short: How Can We Alleviate the Shortage of Special Education Teachers?
Resource type:
Video
Resource description

Teacher shortages is a severe problem in special education. In this video interview, Lynn Holdheide, AIR principal technical assistance consultant, discusses her work with the Collaboration for Effective Educator Development, Accountability and Reform Center (CEEDAR) to address the shortage and support students with disabilities.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
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Critical Shortages in Special Education Teachers. Sound Familiar?
Resource type:
Blog
Critical Shortages in Special Education Teachers. Sound Familiar?
Resource type:
Blog
Resource description

This blog addresses the reasons special education teacher leave the workforce and provides some strategies for creating school environments where special educators and their students can thrive.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
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Building and Sustaining School-University Partnerships in Rural Settings: One Approach for Improving Special Education Service Delivery
Resource type:
Research
Building and Sustaining School-University Partnerships in Rural Settings: One Approach for Improving Special Education Service Delivery
Resource type:
Research
Resource description

This paper describes one teacher preparation program’s efforts to strengthen and extend existing partnerships with a small group of primarily rural school districts.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
The Special Education Teacher Crisis: Who’s Teaching Our Most Vulnerable Students?
Resource type:
Blog
The Special Education Teacher Crisis: Who’s Teaching Our Most Vulnerable Students?
Resource type:
Blog
Resource description

This blog highlights programs around the country that show promise for filling the pipeline of special education teachers who are well prepared to meet the needs of their students and to remain in the profession. It also offers program and funding strategy considerations that states can use to build a cadre of special education teachers who are well prepared to support the growth and achievement of their students – and who stay in the profession.


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Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
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The Teacher Residency: An Innovative Model for Preparing Teachers
Resource type:
Brief, Report
The Teacher Residency: An Innovative Model for Preparing Teachers
Resource type:
Brief, Report
Resource description

Newly emerging teacher residency programs seek to address teacher shortages by offering an innovative approach to recruiting and retaining high-quality teachers for hard-to-staff schools. This report summarizes the features of these programs and research about their practices and outcomes.


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Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
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The Role of Principals in Addressing Teacher Shortages
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
The Role of Principals in Addressing Teacher Shortages
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Resource description

This brief summarizes research on the important role that principals can play in reducing the steady churn of teachers and highlights actions states and districts can take to strengthen school leadership.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
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Investing in Effective School Leadership: How States Are Taking Advantage of Opportunities Under ESSA
Jun 13, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Danny Espinoza, Jessica Cardichon
Investing in Effective School Leadership: How States Are Taking Advantage of Opportunities Under ESSA
Jun 13, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Danny Espinoza, Jessica Cardichon
Resource description

This brief summarizes the evidence about the importance of principals, describes research-based practices in leadership development, and outlines promising, evidence-based investments in state plans submitted under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Anne Podolsky, Danny Espinoza
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Anne Podolsky, Danny Espinoza
Resource description

This report analyzes the research on quality preparation and professional development programs for principals, highlighting examples of effective programs and providing guidance for policymakers.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Anne Podolsky, Danny Espinoza
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Anne Podolsky, Danny Espinoza
Resource description

This fact sheet summarizes the elements of high-quality principal preparation that are associated with positive school outcomes, and describes programs shown to produce effective principals.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
How High-Quality Principal Preparation and Development Pays Off for Students, Schools, and States
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Infographic, Research
How High-Quality Principal Preparation and Development Pays Off for Students, Schools, and States
Feb 27, 2017
Resource type:
Infographic, Research
Resource description

This infographic illustrates how high-quality principal preparation and development benefits students, schools, and states.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Jun 19, 2017
Resource type:
Social Media Tools
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Jun 19, 2017
Resource type:
Social Media Tools
Resource description

These shareable graphics illustrate why effective principals matter, what they do, and programs for developing them.


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Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
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Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Jun 19, 2017
Resource type:
Social Media Tools
Supporting Principals Learning: Key Features of Effective Programs
Jun 19, 2017
Resource type:
Social Media Tools
Resource description

Sample Tweets and Facebook posts highlighting the ways principals’ professional development can help solve teacher shortages.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
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Does Teaching Experience Increase Teacher Effectiveness?
Jun 3, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Tara Kini, Anne Podolsky
Does Teaching Experience Increase Teacher Effectiveness?
Jun 3, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Tara Kini, Anne Podolsky
Resource description

This review of research finds that teaching experience is, on average, positively associated with student achievement gains throughout a teacher’s career, especially in collaborative school environments.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Does Teaching Experience Increase Teacher Effectiveness?
Jun 3, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Tara Kini, Anne Podolsky
Does Teaching Experience Increase Teacher Effectiveness?
Jun 3, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Tara Kini, Anne Podolsky
Resource description

This brief summarizes the key findings from a critical review of the relevant research to determine whether teachers, on average, improve in their effectiveness as they gain experience in the teaching profession.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
How Investing in Teacher and Leader Professional Development Can Support Student Success
Aug 28, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner
How Investing in Teacher and Leader Professional Development Can Support Student Success
Aug 28, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner
Resource description

These slides highlight findings from a longer report showing that teachers’ professional development improves students’ academic outcomes. The Learning Policy Institute reviewed 35 methodologically rigorous studies and identified seven key common elements of effective professional development, which states and districts can use to design effective professional learning programs.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Minority Teacher Recruitment, Employment, and Retention: 1987-2013
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Richard Ingersoll, Henry May
Minority Teacher Recruitment, Employment, and Retention: 1987-2013
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Richard Ingersoll, Henry May
Resource description

This brief summarizes the results of a study of the recruitment, employment, and retention of minority k-12 teachers, examining the extent and sources of the minority teacher shortage and offering evidence-based solutions.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
The Teacher Residency: An Innovative Model for Preparing Teachers
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Roneeta Guha, Maria E. Hyler, Linda Darling-Hammond
The Teacher Residency: An Innovative Model for Preparing Teachers
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Roneeta Guha, Maria E. Hyler, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This report details the features of teacher residency programs—an innovative approach to recruiting and retaining high-quality teachers for hard-to-staff schools.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
Teacher Residencies: Building a High-Quality, Sustainable Workforce
Jan 19, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Roneeta Guha, Tara Kini
Teacher Residencies: Building a High-Quality, Sustainable Workforce
Jan 19, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Roneeta Guha, Tara Kini
Resource description

This brief summarizes the features of teacher residency programs—an innovative approach to recruiting and retaining high-quality teachers for hard-to-staff schools.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
Legislative Principles: Designing a State-Level Teacher Residency Program
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Legislative Principles
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Legislative Principles: Designing a State-Level Teacher Residency Program
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Legislative Principles
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

This document outlines evidence-based principles that should be included in legislation regarding state-level teacher residency programs.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
Teacher Residencies in California
Jan 19, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Teacher Residencies in California
Jan 19, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Resource description

This brief describes how teacher residency programs in California help meet critical hiring needs in both urban and rural areas.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
Effective Teacher Professional Development Promotes Powerful Learning
Aug 14, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Linda D. Friedrich
Effective Teacher Professional Development Promotes Powerful Learning
Aug 14, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Linda D. Friedrich
Resource description

This blog, by Linda Friedrich of the National Writing Project, describes how this successful program supports teacher professional development and provides leadership opportunities.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Go To Page
California must do much more to invest in a strong teacher workforce
May 31, 2017
Resource type:
Op-Ed, Research
Author:
David Rattray
California must do much more to invest in a strong teacher workforce
May 31, 2017
Resource type:
Op-Ed, Research
Author:
David Rattray
Resource description

This commentary piece makes the “business case” for evidence-based solutions to ending the teacher shortage because teachers are critical to school and student success.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Go To Page
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner, Danny Espinoza
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner, Danny Espinoza
Resource description

This report details key components of effective teacher professional development and offers rich descriptions of model programs to inform education leaders and policymakers seeking to leverage professional development to improve student learning.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner, Danny Espinoza
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner, Danny Espinoza
Resource description

This brief outlines key components of effective teacher professional development and offers rich descriptions of model programs to inform education leaders and policymakers seeking to leverage professional development to improve student learning.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner, Danny Espinoza
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Maria E. Hyler, Madelyn Gardner, Danny Espinoza
Resource description

This fact sheet describes the features of effective teacher professional development and evidence demonstrating positive link between teacher professional development, teaching practices, and student outcomes.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Webinar
Author:
Cade Brumley, Michelle Dickey, Madelyn Gardner, Maria E. Hyler, Kasandra Nelson
Effective Teacher Professional Development
Jun 5, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Webinar
Author:
Cade Brumley, Michelle Dickey, Madelyn Gardner, Maria E. Hyler, Kasandra Nelson
Resource description

This webinar shares findings from a review of studies that demonstrate a positive link between teacher professional development, teaching practices, and student outcomes.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Go To Page
Differences in Performance Within Schools: Why So Much Greater Than in Other Countries?
Sep 8, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Marc Tucker
Differences in Performance Within Schools: Why So Much Greater Than in Other Countries?
Sep 8, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Marc Tucker
Resource description

This blog discusses how expectations for students and the way schools are organized largely explain why U.S. students vary in performance within the same schools more than their peers in other countries. School organization includes teaching conditions, and support for new teachers.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Go To Page
Uncertified Teachers and Teacher Vacancies By State
Nov 9, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Table
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Leib Sutcher
Uncertified Teachers and Teacher Vacancies By State
Nov 9, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Table
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Leib Sutcher
Resource description

This table lists the number of uncertified teachers and teacher vacancies for every state for which there is teacher workforce data. It uses the most recent single year of data for each state—either 2015–16 or 2016–17—and includes descriptions that give a state-specific explanation of the information and a link to the data source.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Go To Page
To judge teacher effectiveness parents must look at the whole school
Sep 6, 2017
Resource type:
Op-Ed
Author:
Tara Kini
To judge teacher effectiveness parents must look at the whole school
Sep 6, 2017
Resource type:
Op-Ed
Author:
Tara Kini
Resource description

This commentary piece explains to policymakers and parents the supports necessary to ensure that teachers can be effective.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Go To Page
Service Scholarships and Forgivable Loans: Investing in Excellent Teachers for America’s Students
May 31, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky
Service Scholarships and Forgivable Loans: Investing in Excellent Teachers for America’s Students
May 31, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky
Resource description

This blog describes how service scholarships and forgivable loans can be important elements in a comprehensive strategy to recruit and retain excellent educators.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Go To Page
Legislative Principles: Designing State Loan Forgiveness and Service Scholarship Programs
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Legislative Principles
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Legislative Principles: Designing State Loan Forgiveness and Service Scholarship Programs
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Legislative Principles
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

This document outlines evidence-based principles that should be included in legislation regarding state loan forgiveness and service scholarship programs.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Print
How Effective Are Loan Forgiveness and Service Scholarships for Recruiting Teachers?
Apr 26, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini
How Effective Are Loan Forgiveness and Service Scholarships for Recruiting Teachers?
Apr 26, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini
Resource description

This brief reviews the evidence that supports using student loan forgiveness and service scholarships to recruit and retain high-quality teachers to the subjects and communities where they are most needed.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Print
Understanding teacher layoffs during times of teacher shortages
Mar 23, 2017
Resource type:
Op-Ed
Author:
Patrick M. Shields, Roberta Furger
Understanding teacher layoffs during times of teacher shortages
Mar 23, 2017
Resource type:
Op-Ed
Author:
Patrick M. Shields, Roberta Furger
Resource description

This commentary piece explains the apparent contradiction when teachers are being laid off during a reported statewide teacher shortage and suggests evidence-based policies to address the shortage.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Go To Page
Diversifying the Teaching Profession: How to Recruit and Retain Teachers of Color
Apr 19, 2018
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas
Diversifying the Teaching Profession: How to Recruit and Retain Teachers of Color
Apr 19, 2018
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas
Resource description

This report examines national data and recent research on the barriers teachers of color face entering and staying in the profession. It includes recommendations to increase teacher workforce diversity.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Diversifying the Teaching Profession Through High-Retention Pathways
Apr 19, 2018
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas
Diversifying the Teaching Profession Through High-Retention Pathways
Apr 19, 2018
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas
Resource description

This brief examines national data and recent research on the barriers teachers of color face entering and staying in the profession. It includes recommendations to increase teacher workforce diversity.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
The Special Education Teacher Crisis: Who’s Teaching Our Most Vulnerable Students?
May 16, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas
The Special Education Teacher Crisis: Who’s Teaching Our Most Vulnerable Students?
May 16, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas
Resource description

This blog highlights programs and state-level strategies to attract, prepare, and retain enough special education teachers to meet school and district needs.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Go To Page
California Teacher Workforce Trends Signal Worsening Shortages
Feb 8, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
California Teacher Workforce Trends Signal Worsening Shortages
Feb 8, 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This brief describes how the teacher shortage in California has worsened, with severe consequences for special education, math, science, and bilingual education. It includes recommendations for state-level policies that would provide near-term solutions for strengthening the teacher pipeline.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Linda Darling-Hammond, Desiree Carver-Thomas
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Linda Darling-Hammond, Desiree Carver-Thomas
Resource description

This report analyzes evidence of teacher shortages, looks at national and regional trends in teacher supply and demand, and investigates policy strategies that might mitigate these effects based on research about effective approaches to recruitment and retention.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Perkins Reauthorization: An Opportunity to Address Career and Technical Education Teacher Shortages
May 23, 2017
Resource type:
Blog
Author:
Jessica Cardichon
Perkins Reauthorization: An Opportunity to Address Career and Technical Education Teacher Shortages
May 23, 2017
Resource type:
Blog
Author:
Jessica Cardichon
Resource description

This blog describes how, through reauthorizing the Perkins Act, Congress can address shortages of career and technical education teachers and strengthen CTE programs in schools around the country.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Go To Page
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Linda Darling-Hammond, Desiree Carver-Thomas
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Linda Darling-Hammond, Desiree Carver-Thomas
Resource description

This brief summarizes the evidence on teacher shortages in the U.S., including shortages in specific fields and national and regional trends in teacher supply and demand, and describes local, state, and federal policies to support the recruitment and retention of a quality teacher workforce.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Taking the Long View: State Efforts to Solve Teacher Shortages by Strengthening the Profession
Aug 29, 2018
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Danny Espinoza, Ryan Saunders, Tara Kini, Linda Darling-Hammond
Taking the Long View: State Efforts to Solve Teacher Shortages by Strengthening the Profession
Aug 29, 2018
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Danny Espinoza, Ryan Saunders, Tara Kini, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This report focuses on six evidence-based policies states are pursuing to address teacher shortages, identifying 40 states that have implemented the policies, and provides a close look at Washington State’s comprehensive approach.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Linda Darling-Hammond, Desiree Carver-Thomas
A Coming Crisis in Teaching? Teacher Supply, Demand, and Shortages in the U.S.
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Leib Sutcher, Linda Darling-Hammond, Desiree Carver-Thomas
Resource description

These slides present the evidence for the teacher shortage, as well as national and regional trends in teacher supply and demand.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
What’s the Cost of Teacher Turnover?
Sep 12, 2017
Resource type:
Interactive Tool
What’s the Cost of Teacher Turnover?
Sep 12, 2017
Resource type:
Interactive Tool
Resource description

This interactive tool allows users to estimate the cost of teacher turnover in schools and districts around the country and provides recommendations for evidence-based policies to reduce turnover.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
Speaking of Salaries: What It Will Take to Get Qualified, Effective Teachers in All Communities
May 20, 2011
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Frank Adamson, Linda Darling-Hammond
Speaking of Salaries: What It Will Take to Get Qualified, Effective Teachers in All Communities
May 20, 2011
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Frank Adamson, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This research report examines how and why teacher quality is so inequitably distributed and the impact of that distribution on student achievement. The authors discuss successful strategies for recruiting qualified and effective teachers to high-need schools, and the implications for federal policy to resolve the issue.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
Why Do Teachers Leave?
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Infographic, Research
Why Do Teachers Leave?
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Infographic, Research
Resource description

This infographic illustrates the reasons teachers leave their classrooms and presents evidence-based policies that can slow the teacher exodus.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Solving the Teacher Shortage: How to Attract and Retain Excellent Educators
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Solving the Teacher Shortage: How to Attract and Retain Excellent Educators
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This report reviews an extensive body of research on teacher recruitment and retention, identifies key factors that influence decisions to enter, stay in, or leave the profession, and offers evidence-based recommendations for local, state, and federal policymakers.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Solving the Teacher Shortage: How to Attract and Retain Excellent Educators
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Solving the Teacher Shortage: How to Attract and Retain Excellent Educators
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This brief summarizes research on teacher recruitment and retention, identifies key factors that influence decisions to enter, stay in, or leave the profession, and offers evidence-based recommendations for policymakers.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Understanding Teacher Shortages: A State-by-State Analysis of the Factors Influencing Teacher Supply, Demand, and Equity
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Interactive Tool, Research
Understanding Teacher Shortages: A State-by-State Analysis of the Factors Influencing Teacher Supply, Demand, and Equity
Sep 15, 2016
Resource type:
Interactive Tool, Research
Resource description

This interactive tool provides state-specific data that allows you to explore the factors that contribute to the teacher shortage and its consequences in each state.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
State Policymakers Respond to Teacher Shortages
Apr 26, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Tara Kini
State Policymakers Respond to Teacher Shortages
Apr 26, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Tara Kini
Resource description

This blog describes a range of policies states have implemented to solve teacher shortages.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
Teacher Turnover: Why It Matters and What We Can Do About It
Aug 16, 2017
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Teacher Turnover: Why It Matters and What We Can Do About It
Aug 16, 2017
Resource type:
Report, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This report uses data from a nationally representative survey of U.S. teachers to investigate how turnover trends vary across teachers and schools and identifies evidence-based policies to retain high quality teachers.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Teacher Turnover: Why It Matters and What We Can Do About It
Aug 16. 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Teacher Turnover: Why It Matters and What We Can Do About It
Aug 16. 2017
Resource type:
Brief, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This brief summarizes trends in and causes of teacher turnover, and describes evidence-based policies to address high rates of teacher turnover.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Teacher Turnover: Why It Matters and What We Can Do About It
Sep 19, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Teacher Turnover: Why It Matters and What We Can Do About It
Sep 19, 2017
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

These slides describe the causes of teacher turnover and present recommendations for reducing that turnover and retaining teachers.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Addressing the Teacher Shortage: What Districts Can Do
Nov 30, 2016
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Addressing the Teacher Shortage: What Districts Can Do
Nov 30, 2016
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This fact sheet, based on a comprehensive review of the research on teacher recruitment and retention policies, identifies district policies that can ease shortages, while also prioritizing student learning and a strong teacher workforce.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Addressing the Teacher Shortage: What States Can Do
Oct 26, 2016
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Addressing the Teacher Shortage: What States Can Do
Oct 26, 2016
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This fact sheet, based on a comprehensive review of the research on teacher recruitment and retention policies, identifies state policies that can ease shortages, while also prioritizing student learning and a strong teacher workforce.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Strategies for Recruiting and Retaining a Diverse, High-Quality Teacher Workforce
Apr 2017
Resource type:
Article, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Kristin Grayson
Strategies for Recruiting and Retaining a Diverse, High-Quality Teacher Workforce
Apr 2017
Resource type:
Article, Research
Author:
Desiree Carver-Thomas, Kristin Grayson
Resource description

This article reviews the research on the benefits of a diverse teaching workforce, describes evidence-based strategies for recruiting and retaining teachers of color.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Go To Page
Building a Strong, Sustainable Teacher Workforce
Oct 26, 2016
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond
Building a Strong, Sustainable Teacher Workforce
Oct 26, 2016
Resource type:
Research, Slides
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

These slides feature evidence-based policies and practices to recruit and retain high-quality teachers, especially in hard-to-staff subjects, schools, and regions.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Print
Talking Points: Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Talking Points: Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These talking points will help you advance key arguments for policies designed to improve teaching conditions and create supportive leadership with a variety of audiences, including policymakers and nonexperts.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Building a Strong, Sustainable Teacher Workforce
Oct 26, 2016
Resource type:
Research, Webinar
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Robert Behning, Melody Schopp
Building a Strong, Sustainable Teacher Workforce
Oct 26, 2016
Resource type:
Research, Webinar
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond, Robert Behning, Melody Schopp
Resource description

This webinar focuses on evidence-based policies and practices to recruit and retain high-quality teachers, especially in hard-to-staff subjects, schools, and regions.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
Talking Points: Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Talking Points: Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These talking points will equip you to articulate key arguments for policies that promote effective training and support for new teachers with a variety of audiences, including policymakers and nonexperts.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
Solving the teacher shortage: Revisiting the lessons we’ve learned
May 1, 2017
Resource type:
Article, Research
Author:
Barnett Berry, Patrick M. Shields
Solving the teacher shortage: Revisiting the lessons we’ve learned
May 1, 2017
Resource type:
Article, Research
Author:
Barnett Berry, Patrick M. Shields
Resource description

This article describes the successful efforts of California and North Carolina in the 1990’s to strengthen the profession and build coherent systems of teacher development through policy solutions to teacher shortages. The article also describes how those efforts were dismantled and the impact of that dismantling.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
Q&A: Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Q&A: Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These sample questions and answers will help you answer the tough questions you’re likely to face when advocating for policies that support e ective training and support for new teachers.


Related policy solutions
Effective Training & Support for New Teachers
Print
Q&A: Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Q&A: Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These sample questions and answers will help you answer the tough questions you’re likely to face when advocating for policies that would improve teaching conditions and produce supportive leaders in schools across the country.


Related policy solutions
Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership
Print
Sticky Schools: How to find and keep teachers in the classroom
May 1, 2017
Resource type:
Article, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Sticky Schools: How to find and keep teachers in the classroom
May 1, 2017
Resource type:
Article, Research
Author:
Anne Podolsky, Tara Kini, Joseph Bishop, Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This article reviews five proven strategies for improving teacher recruitment, performance, and retention.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Solving Teacher Shortages: Blog Series
Apr 26, 2017
Resource type:
Blog
Author:
Multiple authors
Solving Teacher Shortages: Blog Series
Apr 26, 2017
Resource type:
Blog
Author:
Multiple authors
Resource description

A series of blog posts highlighting innovative, evidence-based initiatives and policies for building a strong and stable teacher workforce.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
Empowered Educators: How High-Performing Systems Shape Teaching Quality Around the World
Jun 6, 2017
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Empowered Educators: How High-Performing Systems Shape Teaching Quality Around the World
Jun 6, 2017
Resource type:
Fact Sheet, Research
Resource description

This fact sheet summarizes how other countries have redesigned their education systems–including systems for recruiting, preparing, supporting, and compensating teachers–for higher performance and greater equity.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Effective Training & Support for New Teachers , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
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Q&A: Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Q&A: Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These sample questions and answers will help you answer the tough questions you’re likely to face when advocating for policies that establish service scholarships and student loan forgiveness.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
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Talking Points: Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Talking Points: Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These talking points will help you advance key arguments for service scholarships and student loan forgiveness with a variety of audiences, including policymakers and nonexperts.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness
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Where Have All the Teachers Gone?
Sep 18, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond
Where Have All the Teachers Gone?
Sep 18, 2017
Resource type:
Blog, Research
Author:
Linda Darling-Hammond
Resource description

This blog post describes the extent and impact of current teacher shortages and suggests evidence-based solutions to address them.


Related policy solutions
Service Scholarships & Student Loan Forgiveness , Teaching Conditions & Supportive Leadership , Competitive Compensation
Go To Page
Talking Points: Competitive Compensation
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Talking Points: Competitive Compensation
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Talking Points
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These talking points will help you advance key arguments for competitive compensation policies to a variety of audiences, including policymakers and nonexperts.


Related policy solutions
Competitive Compensation
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Q&A: Competitive Compensation
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Q&A: Competitive Compensation
Feb 22, 2018
Resource type:
Q&A
Author:
Learning Policy Institute
Resource description

These sample questions and answers will help you answer the tough questions you’re likely to face when advocating for policies that support competitive compensation.


Related policy solutions
Competitive Compensation
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